Professional heritage conservationists, architects, architectural historians, and planners deal with managing cultural resources every day, yet very few of us have a working knowledge of the archaeological resources lying beneath our feet. The all-too-common result is the unwitting dismissal of, and often the outright destruction of, irreplaceable cultural resources. This course provides an introduction to the field of archaeology as it is currently practiced in the U.S., with a particular emphasis on helping non-archaeologists become better stewards of our collective heritage. It will present a brief overview of North American prehistory and history; survey past and present archaeological theory, methods, and research goals; and investigate how the discipline is situated within the larger field of heritage conservation. Our exploration of archaeological fundamentals, from legal contexts to artifact description, will culminate in the field documentation of a surface archaeological site; this weekend field trip is a required element of the course.