Theories of Computer Technology
Building information modeling (BIM) is one of the hottest topics in the architecture / engineering / construction profession (AEC) today. Learn what it is (3d parametric modeling), common software tools (this class concentrates primarily on Revit Architecture and some Navisworks), how it relates to sustainable design issues (Vasari and Green Building Studio), and why it is useful to the AEC industry (including being able to create awesome adaptive components!). Although offered in the School of Architecture, the techniques taught are equally applicable to others with an interest in the applications of BIM. Building science majors, structural engineering students, construction management students, and others are strongly encouraged to enroll. It is assumed that students already have a basic understanding of 2D CAD and 3D digital modeling.
- 500aLComprehensive Architectural DesignComprehensive Architectural DesignPrerequisite(s): 402abL Corequisite(s): ARCH 501 Note: Substitution for previously required ARCH 402cL Selected areas of specialization; projects chosen from a variety of studio offerings, all with an emphasis on the comprehensive design of buildings.
- 501Comprehensive Studio Support and EnrichmentComprehensive Studio Support and EnrichmentThe aim for the seminar is to gain a critical, theoretical, and technical understanding of the various methodologies that students will be asked to explore in the studio. Further, we will also explore the relationship between technological and cultural shifts in contemporary society. Students will work in pairs to present and lead discussions of each week’s readings in the first half of the semester. The second half will comprise of individual crits and each student will submit a 3-5000 word research paper at the end of the semester.
- 502aLArchitectural Design VArchitectural Design V
Pre-requisites: ARCH-500A and ARCH-501.
The final comprehensive architectural project under the guidance of a faculty adviser to demonstrate architectural knowledge, skills, and professional interests and goals.
- 505aLGraduate Architecture Design I - PrinciplesGraduate Architecture Design I - PrinciplesA general introduction to architectural principles, intended to develop design and critical thinking skills and proficiency to communicate those ideas effectively. Open to graduate architecture majors only.
- 505bLGraduate Architecture Design I - SiteGraduate Architecture Design I - SiteIntroduction to building systems and site design principles. Open to graduate architecture majors only.
- 507Theories of Computer TechnologyTheories of Computer TechnologyBuilding information modeling (BIM) is one of the hottest topics in the architecture / engineering / construction profession (AEC) today. Learn what it is (3d parametric modeling), common software tools (this class concentrates primarily on Revit Architecture and some Navisworks), how it relates to sustainable design issues (Vasari and Green Building Studio), and why it is useful to the AEC industry (including being able to create awesome adaptive components!). Although offered in the School of Architecture, the techniques taught are equally applicable to others with an interest in the applications of BIM. Building science majors, structural engineering students, construction management students, and others are strongly encouraged to enroll. It is assumed that students already have a basic understanding of 2D CAD and 3D digital modeling.
- 511LBuilding Systems: Materials and ConstructionBuilding Systems: Materials and Construction
Studies of construction system development within the architectural design context; processes and issues of selection, evaluation, optimization, integration, design control, and innovation, Departmental approval required.
- 511LSeminar Building SystemsSeminar Building SystemsDevelop an understanding of building materials and assemblies and their characteristics, impacts, and performance. Topics covered include building envelope performance and aesthetics, environmental systems (heating, cooling, daylighting, and acoustics), and basic principles of construction. Students will also develop an understanding of the financial implications of building components and systems.
- 512Material + Process Material SystemsMaterial + Process Material Systems
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 211 or 511L This design research seminar examines both disciplinary and extra-disciplinary technologies, techniques, and theories for the use of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite material systems in the design and construction of architecture.
Students will gain a basic understanding of the engineering principles behind these material systems and establish a background in the architectural applications for FRP, both historic and contemporary. Students will also study FRP composites through selected extra-disciplinary precedents, such as racing sailboats, contemporary aircraft, and wind turbines.
Students will examine the advantages and disadvantages of FRP composite systems, critically considering how FRP materials perform in relation to conventional building systems, technically and aesthetically. Students will explore performance-based FRP design by reimagining existing precedents as new architectural building systems.
Students will be required to consider formal surface geometries, spatial opportunities, structure, life-safety, fabrication, transport, and assembly as some of the factors impacting architectural performance. Students will create a research-based design project, including original writing, drawings, diagrams, and models, speculating about the possibilities for use of FRP composite building systems in contemporary architectural design.
- 513LSeminar Advanced StructuresSeminar Advanced Structures
This seminar emphasizes the study of horizontal structures, with a focus on the integration of building systems and exploring the fit and synergy of form and structure. Develop informed intuition for structures, their response to natural forces (gravity, seismic, thermal, wind), and how structure interacts with other design issues. Identify strategies and explore issues and problems in the development of building structure systems such as design criteria, system selection, design development, optimization, and system integration. Seismic design and seismic failure will also be introduced. Learn the basics of Multiframe and LDG (Lateral Design Graph) to design for lateral wind and seismic load.
Structure and Design: https://titles.cognella.com/structure-and-design-9781516522989
Detailed information is posted at http://uscarch.com/structures/
- 514AGlobal History of Architecture IGlobal History of Architecture I
A historical survey of global architecture, analyzed as a product of social, cultural, religious and political forces: 4500 BCE to 1500 CE.
- 514BGlobal History of Architecture IIGlobal History of Architecture II
A historical survey of global architecture, analyzed as a product of social, cultural, religious and political forces.a: 4500 BCE to 1500 CE; b: 1500 CE to present.
- 515LSeminar Advanced Environmental SystemsSeminar Advanced Environmental SystemsThe course is intended to give the students both a fundamental and practical knowledge of building environmental control systems and strategies in thermal, air quality, lighting, and acoustic conditions in large and small buildings. It also provides a working knowledge of many of the interrelated building systems necessary to support human physiological benefits: environmental comfort and health effects. Much of the material covered in this course will help to prepare the student in direct way for the professional building environmental design.
- 518Advanced Surface Tectonics; Methods in Material and EnclosureAdvanced Surface Tectonics; Methods in Material and EnclosureThe building envelope mediates internal and external conditions for improved human comfort, energy performance, sustainability, aesthetics and more. Innovations in the design, delivery and operation of the facade are being driven by technology, computing, materiality and method. The course includes lectures by global leaders on subjects such structural glass facades, double-skin facades, fabric skins, parametric envelopes, facade science, and others.
- 519Sustainability in the Environment: Infrastructures, Urban Landscapes, and BuildingsSustainability in the Environment: Infrastructures, Urban Landscapes, and BuildingsWorking with established and emerging environmental management frameworks, this course aims to explore and apply practical (and measurable) approaches to address urban sustainability challenges at the street, neighborhood, district, and municipal scale with a focus on regions within the greater Los Angeles area as laboratories for investigation. The course generates an overall picture of L.A.'s metabolism to map and analyze resource flows and to examine the city’s ecological footprint. It evaluates where and how resources are used and where action might be taken to transform existing infrastructures, landscapes and buildings to meet sustainability performance goals established by the city of Los Angeles, the State of CA, and the class.
- 520Housing and Community Design for an Aging PopulationHousing and Community Design for an Aging PopulationSince 1950, the number of people over 65 has tripled and in the next 30 years, the over 65 population will grow 220%. This multi-disciplinary course focuses on the design of housing and community settings for older people, introducing students to a range of building types built to serve those recently retired as well as those who need health and caregiving support to stay independent. It examines the building type through context and case studies from northern Europe, Japan and the US. This course arms students with the knowledge and insight necessary to create environments that enhance the quality of life for older people. Three local site visits enable students to experience exemplar models and learn directly from discussions with older residents and administrative personnel.
- 522Healthcare DesignHealthcare Design
This course focuses on the design of a diverse collection of hospital and community settings for healthcare. The course introduces students to a range of building types that vary from major trauma centers to small scale community outpatient facilities. It traces the evolution of healthcare settings from the Greek period to current times, including the newest emphasis on public health and lifestyle.This topic of healthcare design is huge in scale and magnitude. In fact, many firms who specialize in this area, have their own in-house training programs. This course is meant to provide an overview of this changing building type and how it impacts the practice of medicine (and architecture) today.
The course starts with the history of the hospital as a building type from 500BC to the present day summarizing with a list of today’s challenges and tomorrow’s future trends. It describes powerful research findings that show how landscape designs can combat depression and promote relaxation. Building organizational strategies and programming approaches are reviewed as well as factors that affect appearance and functionality. It examines the patient room and new trends that embrace old ideas and introduce new ones. It demonstrates how and why families/friends have become more active participants in the healing process. It also shows how empirical analysis (often labeled evidence-based design) is affecting practice. Finally, it ends with a look at new technologies like imaging diagnostics and operating room procedures which are changing high-tech medicine.
- 523aLStructural Design and AnalysisStructural Design and AnalysisIntroduction to behavior and analysis of building structures. Structural loading, materials, and element types will be explored to understand the basic building blocks of buildings.
- 523bLStructural Design and AnalysisStructural Design and AnalysisInvestigation and design of building structural systems for gravity, wind and seismic loading. Comprehensive design exploration of framing type, materials, detailing, layout, form and integration.
- 524Professional PracticumProfessional Practicum
Comparative studies of professional practice between U.S. firms and firms in other countries. Open to international upper-division undergraduate and graduate architecture students only. Graded CR/NC.
- 525Professional Practice Pre-Design, Project and Office AdministrationProfessional Practice Pre-Design, Project and Office Administration
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 302bL
Design methodology, typology programming, site analysis, budget formulation and pro-forma procedures. Office management, emphasizing professional service and professional ethics as well as project management focusing on the architect’s responsibilities during construction.
- 526Professional Practice Legal & Economic Context, Project DocumentationProfessional Practice Legal & Economic Context, Project DocumentationPrerequisite(s): ARCH 302bL The laws and regulations that affect the practice of architecture and building economics and the development of comprehensive project documentation, detailing, specifications, drawing formats and organizations.
- 527Case Studies The Development of Urban HousingCase Studies The Development of Urban HousingIf you are considering becoming a developer of housing after you graduate, this course will provide you with an introductory overview of the issues and challenges developers face in providing small-scale housing in an urban setting. Designed primarily for upper-division undergraduates, this seminar will explore the various elements and stages of the housing development process for projects in Southern California. Students will learn about and prepare each component, including land, entitlements, program, design brief, support spaces, site plan, hard and soft costs and a cost analysis/proforma suitable for presentation to banks, investors and lending institutions. The course will include guest lecturers who are practicing professionals in the Los Angeles housing development arena and who will present a series of local case studies. There will be ample opportunities for open discussion. Guest lecturers include non-profit and for-profit developers, architects, construction managers, entitlement consultants, cost & estimating specialists, lenders and investors, contractors, and property managers. Lectures will also include architectural design, quality, sustainable design, and the related cost issues. * For Spring 2018, this course will meet the first half of the semester and will include 2 required Saturday Field Trips, February 10 & 17.
- 528Urban Housing Types and TypologiesUrban Housing Types and TypologiesThe course explores themes chosen from well over half a century of architectural interests, concerns and obsessions from Modern to present Post-Vanguard dwelling in and around a multi-centralized Los Angeles. Lectures cover debates over style, technology, materials, scale, and building codes among others. These topics are placed within the context of first hand sources and site visits -- the technologies of their representation and construction in order to locate specific typological shifts in the development of these urban dwelling(s). Students will conduct a series of short investigations, shared with the class via visual, diagrammatic, and textual analysis. Each student will select one of these projects for extended research and development, which will be included in a class book produced at the end of the term. Discussions and readings reference the single family house -- John Entenza’s Case Study house competition for Arts & Architecture magazine, Reyner Banham’s LA, the works of Ain, Koenig, Lautner, Neutra, Schindler and Wright and segue into contemporary Perimeter block and infill, High-rise slabs and towers, Low-rise clusters, rows, courtyards, the Dingbat, Michael Webb’s Building Community, and the multi-family (striving for below market) works of Daly, Koenig Eizenberg, Maltzan, O’Herlihy, and Tighe.
- 529Urban Housing-Programs, Precedents and Recent Case StudiesUrban Housing-Programs, Precedents and Recent Case StudiesThe class will provide a historical overview of the major housing developments and innovations since the early 20th century, using a case-study format examining a wide range of issues that determine the form of urban housing in various conditions. Major emphasis will be placed on a detailed analysis of social, technical, and design factors affecting recent housing developments. This course will provide participants with a general understanding of the production of housing as a commodity and a building block of communities in the context of the geography of urban systems. It will focus on housing development in general and multi-unit housing development in particular. The course will use case studies to help illustrate concepts supported by in-class lab assignments that will reinforce the concepts discussed during the lectures. Participants will become familiar with the tools and the language of real-estate finance and market research. By the end of the course, students will be able to conduct feasibility analyses of potential real-estate projects that measure both the economic and social benefits of the project. Students will understand the regulatory environment as well as the economic imperatives related to housing, primarily from the perspective of architecture and planning, but will also consider inputs from sociology, economics, and development finance. Students will learn how housing is produced and how issues of race or ethnicity, family status, geography, and other characteristics affect the provision of housing in urban America.
- 530Landscape Architecture PracticeLandscape Architecture PracticeThe purpose of this course is an introduction to the practice of Landscape Architecture. Topics include the expansive knowledge necessary to engage in all levels of practice from entry level designer to sole proprietor of a small business. Regardless of the size and type of practice landscape designers and architects need a working command of the principles of successful practice. Students will learn basic principles of practice organization, management, ethics and culture. Topics include history of the profession, practice management, project management, risk management, business and practice ethics, licensure, marketing and the laws and guidelines that guide landscape architecture. Guest lecturers and field trips will illustrate the importance of collaborative relationships between landscape architecture and the allied professions of architecture, urban design, civil engineering and planning. Students will develop tools to think critically about their goals for practice type and structure.
- 531The Natural LandscapeThe Natural Landscape
With over 80 percent of the U.S. population living in urban areas, “cities” have become human’s new natural habitat. Landscape architects, architects, planners, geospatial analysts and other disciplines/professionals can play a key role in the creation of more “symbiotic cities”—places where people, plants, and other animals coexist. This shift necessitates a substantive understanding of the interwoven ecological, social-political and economic systems at play in urban areas. This course aims to expose students to a deeper understanding of the major concepts, principles and applications of ecology that are most relevant to the design and transformation of urban areas.
- 534Landscape Construction Topographic DesignLandscape Construction Topographic DesignSeveral of the most fundamental and ubiquitous of all the design skills the landscape architect must master are site grading, drainage design, and the onsite management of stormwater. Landscape Intervention: Construction Methods teaches basic grading, design of drainage systems, and stormwater management, along with some basic construction topics. This diverse course also covers cut and fill calculations, soil compaction, concrete construction joint placement, site survey, model making, contour maps, watershed area definition, and basic road design.
- 535Landscape Construction Performance ApproachesLandscape Construction Performance Approaches
Contemporary challenges—social and environmental—demand landscape architecture projects perform greater, more diverse and precise services, in addition to the typical amenities of a park. Simultaneously, a shortage of un-utilized space challenges the profession to provide even the most basic amenities within increasingly unorthodox sites. Landscape architecture has thus been forced to not only expand what performances it designs, but also innovate how and where. Today, it must seamlessly hybridize basic social services, such as recreation and safety, with complex environmental services, ranging from climate modification to waste management, all within unprecedented post-industrial or active infrastructural sites. This course seeks to prepare students for this complex challenge (and design opportunity) through a performance-oriented survey of innovative designed landscapes and specialized skill-building. Through biweekly lectures and discussion, guided field trips, and diagramming exercises, students will examine and critique the performance “systems” of innovative landscapes—internationally and locally. The goal is to construct a platform of perspective, technical knowledge, and field-cultivated experience from which to address the considerable challenge of designing, implementing, and maintaining high performance public landscapes.
- 536The Landscape Planning ProcessThe Landscape Planning ProcessStudents will develop an enhanced understanding of where landscape architecture (design) plays an imperative role in reconciling natural, social, cultural, political, and economic conflicts in cities; and where -- importantly -- it plays no role whatsoever. Certain methods (i.e., GIS) will be identified as a critical technical tool. Methods of assessing urban places regarding natural, social, cultural and political factors; identification of landscape architecture planning and project implementation issues and strategies.
- 537LUrban Plant Ecology Environmental PerspectivesUrban Plant Ecology Environmental PerspectivesArchitecture 537 involves (1) the review of information found in plant physiology, and ecological principles and concepts of sustainability found in natural systems, (2) the study of native and introduced plant species and plant associations of Southern California and (3) calculations and data used to estimate water and energy use associated with urban landscapes. The primary purpose of this course is to develop a foundation for the design of urban landscapes that provide greater benefits and achieve higher levels of sustainability than current landscapes. Learning will be achieved through lectures, discussions, campus planting identification walks and field trips. Lectures will incorporate a series of weekly exercises and readings.
- 538LUrban Plant Ecology- Cultural PerspectivesUrban Plant Ecology- Cultural Perspectives
Landscapes are living systems that can contribute to the health and success of urban environments. This course focuses on the liveness of plant matter as a primary design medium of landscape architecture. Focusing on the cultural, aesthetic and performative roles of plants, the course asks students to develop planting designs and design methodologies for sustainable urban landscapes that benefit the more-than-human world. Investigating urban forestry techniques and their effects will require students study trees as critical urban infrastructures that can help achieve urban landscapes with increased levels of habitat diversity and ecosystem services.
- 539Media for Landscape ArchitectureMedia for Landscape Architecture
This course is designed to endow students with foundational authoring skills in digital media and analog processes with which to engage the materiality, spatiality and temporality of landscape while concurrently introducing the lineage of landscape representation and its theoretical foundations. Through iterative and translatory processes of making, students will develop the ability to operate between analog and digital processes, between two and three dimensions, between given and introduced conditions, between static and dynamic states, and across scales. Course readings and lectures will examine how certain techniques of imaging the biophysical world impact the way in which we interpret, understand and eventually shape our surroundings and how these techniques relate to larger conceptual shifts in our cultural imaginary.
- 540Topics in Media for Landscape ArchitectureTopics in Media for Landscape Architecture
In collaboration with biologists from USC Dornsife and technologists from a local startup, we will explore the ways in which biological and technological systems could be integrated through the design of new living media. The course will introduce new materials, fabrication and prototyping techniques to develop novel and cutting edge biodesign proposals, while exposing students to advanced research and design methods informed by current conversations within life sciences, biological design, synthetic biology, bio-arts, interaction design, and other relevant, emerging topics.
Functioning as a research-based design laboratory, and providing hands-on experience in iterative design, prototyping techniques, and digital fabrication methods, students will collaborate to construct a functional living prototype, which they will present as part of a team representing the University of Southern California at the BioDesign Challenge competition in NYC in June, 2020. Course readings and discussions will focus on the social and ethical issues behind biodesign, as well as the opportunities this emerging area of practice affords, particularly as it relates to current and impending environmental challenges.
- 541aLLandscape Architecture DesignLandscape Architecture Design
The first of the MLA 3’s core design studios, this course introduces the fundamental concepts, principles and elements of landscape architectural design and studio culture. Students conduct a variety of exercises to develop and coordinate a theory and practice of landscape architecture design, representation, and site engagement. Studio begins with introductory design exercises and site analysis and transitions into full-fledged site design. Expertise and skill are cultivated through drawing, site observations, and active discussions and include an immersive, multi-day, site visit to Catalina Island. The course seeks to cultivate a dynamic design dialogue—a dialectic—between our interventions, bodies, and the existing conditions. Along the way, students will learn and practice digital and analog drawing and modeling techniques in coordination with the required media class.
- 541bLLandscape Architecture DesignLandscape Architecture DesignAs the density of modern cities compresses more and more on the public open spaces so integral to the well-being of their populations, the role of the landscape architect becomes increasingly vital to the development of viable schemes to maximize and enhance the parks and plazas that constitute the public realm. Additionally, it is arguably within the role of these designers to integrate, within their proposals, elements that will serve as markers or talismans of the history of the sites which, in the 21st century world, are being so rapidly redeveloped that the sense of the past is often irrevocably lost. This semester’s work will focus on the both the weaving of park and plaza space into the urban fabric, and the relevance of history, both local and typological, into these projects.
- 542aLLandscape Architecture DesignLandscape Architecture Design
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 541bL
This core studio jumps in scale from 541aL to tackle urban design that integrates landscape strategies to set the framework for new and existing urban districts and metropolitan agendas. Using landscape as multi-benefit infrastructure, the studio focuses on urban systems – physical, social, ecological, economic, political, technological – to imagine more just and resilient futures. These infrastructures aim to guide and organize future urbanization to arrive at more equitable metropolitan frameworks and healthful biophysical systems. Skill-building includes basics of urban design: massing, block typologies, circulation, etc, all while deploying landscape as the primary urbanistic medium. Methods of analysis and design include fieldwork, mapping (GIS), modeling and simulation, and scenario-building. Students are asked to engage with community organizations and policy-makers, with the hope of impact extending beyond the university.
- 542bLLandscape Architecture DesignLandscape Architecture Design
The final of the “core” studios, the scale moves into the territorial dimension, and tackles existential threats caused by one or more impacts of anthropocentrism – climate volatility, species extinctions, soil depletion, sea-level rise, air/water contamination, deforestation/desertification, etc. Working across scales, students will generate both site-specific strategies and replicable principles that can be deployed in multiple contexts. The studio will synthesize the material of landscape with economic, infrastructural, technological, scientific, social and cultural systems to generate ideas that have the potential for policy impact.
- 544Urban Landscape Process and PlaceUrban Landscape Process and Place
Through the presentation of a case study index of cities and projects, this course situates the designed landscape as a framework and catalyst for urban form and process. In other words, it presents landscape as a medium of urbanism - embedded in processes of urbanization. The course starts with a historical review of the development of the profession of landscape architecture in the 19th- and early 20th-centuries, examining its evolution as fundamentally urban and infrastructural. This builds on knowledge gained in ARCH 565. It is then structured topically and geographically, focusing on a small number of cities each week to explore particular themes (scarcity, informality, wetness, etc). The final weeks transition from regional to planetary urbanization. This portion of the course explores landscape architecture’s role as a critical medium of cultural production that has the capacity to negotiate the increased scale and scope of anthropogenic impacts on the planet.
- 545Urban Landscape Contemporary History and ProspectUrban Landscape Contemporary History and ProspectLandscape Architecture as a contemporary practice has its theoretical roots in multiple disciplines, drawing from geography, ecology, architecture, sociology and art. In the 20th century, the study of ‘landscape’ came to encompass not only designed landscapes created by architects or landscape architects but also the cultural landscapes of infrastructure, agriculture or industry. This breadth of cultural production and the lack of shared theoretical foundations can be at once freeing and destabilizing and requires working carefully and contextually. First, this course is an introduction to the writings and writers that comprise the core of what is understood to be landscape architectural theory. Second, this course focuses on the methodologies that makes text and reflective writing applicable to the work of design. In short, we will better understand how ideas make their way into the practice of landscape architecture and, in turn, inform the way we write and think about landscapes. The lectures of this class will be punctuated by guest practitioners who will discuss this cycle of reading, translation, design, reflection and writing.
- 546Topics in Landscape Architecture Issues and PracticesTopics in Landscape Architecture Issues and PracticesAnalysis and solutions conceptualization for a wide range of topics of public health related to land use and open space. Topics will include: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, lack of open space, nature deficits, isolation and monotony, temperature rise, gun violence, drought and childhood diseases. The class will meet with public health faculty and researchers at the USC Keck School of Medicine, and make site visits to better understand the sites where health risks are in conflict with current and future land uses. Students will apply their research to selected sites analyzing issues of equity, disease and long term health costs and then develop conceptual guidelines to inform future policy development and site design. ARCH-546 may be repeated for a maximum of 6 units when topic is different.
- 547Urban NatureUrban Nature
This course topically explores both the multiple human-caused impacts on the planetary environment – sea-level rise, increased wildfire, deforestation, habitat loss, etc. – and examines landscape architectural strategies and capacities to mitigate both the causes and the effects. The course splits time in the field, examining challenging landscapes and landscape interventions, and in the classroom, studying global challenges and landscape architectural applications.
- 548Media for Landscape Architecture 3D DesignMedia for Landscape Architecture 3D Design
As the second media requirement for landscape architecture, this course is aimed at introducing various physical, digital and spatial modeling methods as generative means of structuring design proposals. Through translatory processes of making – using physical, digital and durational media – students will develop techniques to explore both the expression and experience of landscape as a three-dimensional medium. The course focuses on the synergy between materiality, form, structure, surface and space, their processes of production and assembly, and the effects that the interaction between physical systems and landscape phenomena produce. The course is therefore organized into the following parts: the expression of landscape as three-dimensional form (physicality); the experience of being in and moving through landscape as a three dimensional space (immersion), tied together by the use of digital media as the means to move from physical models into spatio-temporal environments (translation). Students will gain skills in hand and digital modeling (Rhino + plug-ins), digital fabrication (3D printing, CNC milling), and animation (Lumion and similar).
- 549Fundamentals of Heritage ConservationFundamentals of Heritage ConservationHeritage conservation (a/k/a historic preservation) is a multi-disciplinary and far-reaching field that has evolved steadily and dramatically over the decades. Explore a range of subjects and issues that affect contemporary heritage conservation practice, including its historical and philosophical underpinnings, the role of government and individuals in identifying and protecting historic resources, and the field’s political, legal, economic, social, cultural and technical dimensions.
- 550Heritage Conservation Policy and PlanningHeritage Conservation Policy and Planning
No matter your exact title, institution, training and special skills, whether architect, planner, or elected official, you will act in some capacity as manager, planner, and policy maker for historic sites and buildings. As a conservation professional, you will be expected to have a basic understanding of scholarly research; interpretation; design and aesthetics; materials conservation; public policy and land use law; real estate; and community planning. As such, this course will serve as an overview of the aspects of heritage conservation related to policy and planning.
Recommended preparation: ARCH 549
- 551Conservation Methods and MaterialsConservation Methods and MaterialsRecommended preparation: ARCH 549 The physical fabric of historic structures is a tangible record connecting us directly to the people and events that shaped both our past and the future. Materials conservation requires a basic knowledge of material properties and behavior and involves many techniques, from research and building forensics to testing and implementation. This course will examine the characteristics and treatments for the most commonly used building materials and the application of heritage conservation criteria. Students will play an integral role in the materials analysis of a historic property.
- 552Introduction to Historic Site DocumentationIntroduction to Historic Site DocumentationExplore new ways of observing and thinking about the built environment through practical applications of documentation methods and fieldwork exercises. Learn the various techniques employed in the field of heritage conservation for recording and documenting historic resources, including methods of architectural classification such as historic resources surveys; National Register, California Register, and local registration standards; photographic documentation; historic structure reports and cultural landscape reports; and HABS/HAER documentation.
- 553History of American Architecture and UrbanismHistory of American Architecture and UrbanismArchitecture 553 examines the impact of politics, culture and the environment on the evolution of American architectural and urban forms from prehistory to World War II. The class explores the interchange between European architectural theory and indigenous and vernacular influences as they came together to create new national and regional forms of building and urban design. While generally chronological in presentation, lectures also examine a series of case studies in order to more closely explore the complexity of form and meaning in the American landscape.
- 554Heritage Conservation Practicum Practical ArchaeologyHeritage Conservation Practicum Practical ArchaeologyProfessional heritage conservationists, architects, architectural historians, and planners deal with managing cultural resources every day, yet very few of us have a working knowledge of the archaeological resources lying beneath our feet. The all-too-common result is the unwitting dismissal of, and often the outright destruction of, irreplaceable cultural resources. This course provides an introduction to the field of archaeology as it is currently practiced in the U.S., with a particular emphasis on helping non-archaeologists become better stewards of our collective heritage. It will present a brief overview of North American prehistory and history; survey past and present archaeological theory, methods, and research goals; and investigate how the discipline is situated within the larger field of heritage conservation. Our exploration of archaeological fundamentals, from legal contexts to artifact description, will culminate in the field documentation of a surface archaeological site; this weekend field trip is a required element of the course.
- 554 - StewardshipHeritage Conservation Practicum - Historic Site ManagementHeritage Conservation Practicum - Historic Site ManagementWhy do some historic house museums thrive while others struggle from one crisis to the next? With nearly five decades of successful operation, the Gamble House in Pasadena will serve as the paradigm for understanding practical strategies to identify, develop and manage viable historic sites. If you anticipate a career in historic site management or a related field you will need to be familiar with developing a mission statement, interpretative programming, conservation issues, visitor infrastructure, funding strategies, volunteers, membership, public relations, budgeting, retail sales, collections management, and other important operational concerns. Course sessions will take place at the Gamble House in Pasadena, in addition to selected historic houses nearby.
- 554 - SurveyHeritage Conservation Practicum SurveyHeritage Conservation Practicum SurveyAssessing historic buildings, sites, neighborhoods, and landscapes within their historic contexts forms the foundation of contemporary heritage conservation practice. Through lectures and fieldwork, this course will examine the tools required for assessment including research, writing historic contexts, understanding the vocabulary of the region’s architecture, assessing architectural character and integrity, utilizing state-of-the-art data collection techniques, basic architectural photography, and other best practices. As a non-design based studio course, students will be responsible for research and fieldwork to craft a cohesive survey evaluation of the area of study selected for each semester, in addition to a community presentation of their findings.
- 555Global Perspectives in Heritage ConservationGlobal Perspectives in Heritage ConservationThe definitions, efforts and efficacies of heritage conservation are inherent to and shaped by the social, political and economic cultures of a place. In many societies outside the Western world, the strategies that underlie the success of heritage conservation efforts are therefore significantly different than those typically pursued in Europe and the United States. Extreme economic disparities, ethnic and religious diversity and ad hoc, illegal possession and appropriation of historic sites surface the need for bottom-up instead of top-down strategies, self-help mechanisms and populist grassroots efforts as methods and tools. Additionally, the multi-generational presence of unconventional habitat types such as squatters, slums, urban villages and refugee camps, also raise complex questions on what constitutes heritage and how and why we need to conserve them. The course will introduce students to the issues and challenges surrounding the idea of heritage conservation beyond the Euro-American world. It will specifically aim at provoking discussions on the nexus of heritage conservation, socio-economic inclusiveness and social justice by focusing on selected case studies that highlight the dilemmas of these other worlds.
- 556Readings in Heritage Conservation TheoryReadings in Heritage Conservation TheoryPrerequisite(s): ARCH 549 Not everyone views the historic built environment through the same lens. Heritage conservation is inherently multi-disciplinary and strategies and implementation can vary widely in various regions across the United States and around the world. In order to have a more complete intellectual grounding in the field, students will read and critically discuss seminal works related to urban planning, architecture, history (local, public, cultural, architectural, etc.), landscape, archeology, history, law, public policy, cultural studies, and American studies.
- 557Sustainable Conservation of the Historic Built EnvironmentSustainable Conservation of the Historic Built EnvironmentExplore the intersection between the heritage conservation and green building movements, both of which contribute to sustainable development. Heritage conservation promotes the ethos of stewardship; defining what is significant about the built environment; methods of extending the service-life of buildings; the value of maintenance and repair; and effective means for adaptively re-using buildings. Green building promotes holistic design; responds to the urgency of climate change and the need to reduce greenhouse gases; and encourages us to look at new systems and technology. By exploring the a variety of approaches to conserving the built and natural environments, students will be able to identify and differentiate between methods for assessing sustainability, develop appropriate metrics, apply evaluation tools, and determine appropriate treatments to improve projects.
- 558Fundamentals of Place-MakingFundamentals of Place-Making* Registration is restricted to Master of Heritage Conservation students or those without previous Architectural Design background* This course is aimed to expose graduate students in the Heritage Conservation discipline to the foundational ideas and basic skills of urban design and place-making. Specifically this course will overview some of the most dominant theories of urban design as well as their immersive relationship with various graphic means of representing a designed landscape and/or place. Using the USC campus as study area, this course will teach students to read the built environment as a physical setting of identifiable elements each having specific dimensions and characteristics, and their combination into complex larger wholes. Finally, this course will engage students in design exercises involving strategic thinking on what to preserve, what to change and what to introduce new and why. The specific goals of this course are as follows: Create awareness on various contemporary positions and lenses for reading the built environment. Develop a basic understanding of the physical components of the urban landscape and their dimensional characteristics – from the scale of the region to that of a street. Develop a basic understanding of how to represent in two and three-dimensions, the basic physical components of an urban landscape – from trees to building typologies – and how to depict them. Engage in basic place-making exercises that analyze conditions towards proposing transformation and change.
- 560A History of Architectural Theory 1400-1914A History of Architectural Theory 1400-1914Course Description: A seminar on architectural theory from Alberti to Scott, reviewing primary texts and subsequent criticisms. This seminar explores theories of architecture since the beginning of the Renaissance. It involves both reading original texts (where available in translation) and study of the contexts in which the theories were produced. We will also consider some of the buildings which influenced or were influenced by the theories. There are therefore two components to the analysis of the texts: theory and context. Seminal writings on architecture in western Europe, these texts certainly do not exhaust the thoughtful theoretical writings of many others, and there are essays from other cultures and in the United States during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, but they will not be considered in this course. What were the questions architects and theorists asked of architecture in the early modern era? What was important, and why? What were the assumptions they made about architecture, and about architects, and how did this color the types of questions they asked and the theories they devised? Course Objectives: In the most general terms, this course is an introduction to architectural theory from the 15th through the 19th centuries. Students should gain a working knowledge of developments in architectural theory in Western Europe during this period. The course has other objectives as well. Students will work on developing the ability to write a critical synthesis of a specific set of architectural theories, and be especially concerned that students learn to make cogent oral presentations.
- 561Urbanism Themes and Case StudiesUrbanism Themes and Case StudiesTrace the history of ideas about the city - from antiquity to the present - through the cities which produced them. The course will take twelve cities as case studies and study their transformation and modernization through weekly lectures paired with selected readings from urban theory which emerged alongside their growth and change. The texts illuminate the varied and ongoing struggles all cities continue to wrestle with under pressures of rapid population growth, new technologies, and the need to become ecologically sustainable. The course articulates nuance and difference in place and culture; hoping to suspend -- for the duration of the course anyway -- the theory by some commentators that cities have become interchangeable: lost in the generic and ubiquitous nature of globalization, sprawl, and commercial capitalism.
- 562Architecture Themes and Case Studies Constructing the Modern CityArchitecture Themes and Case Studies Constructing the Modern CityArch 562 will concentrate on architecture as it relates to urban form, urban space, and urban landscape. Students will investigate the relationship of buildings to our built environment, whether cities, suburbs, or constructed landscapes. The focus will primarily be on the modern city and the varying roles architecture has played in confronting, shaping, or even celebrating the eﬀects of industrialization, post-‐industrialization, and globalization.
- 563Contemporary Architectural TheoryContemporary Architectural TheoryTheory can be used as justification, as propaganda, as a guide for practice, as a set of principles, as a vehicle of thought, as a platform for debate, and as an architectural project in itself. This course considers the changing role of theory with respect to architectural, urban, and landscape practice over the course of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and aims to furnish students with a set of questions, techniques, and tools for criticism and self-critique. Focusing on key figures, movements, and texts, this course provides an overview of the principal theories that have informed, animated, or destabilized recent architectural, urban, and landscape discourse.
- 564Descriptive and Computational Architectural GeometryDescriptive and Computational Architectural GeometryGeometry lies at the core of the architectural design process. It is omnipresent, from the initial form-finding stages to the actual construction. While design and geometry share a fundamental interest in form and shape, Descriptive and Computational Architectural Geometry aims to address the various natures of the historical relationship between mathematics, geometry, computation, and architecture. Through the display of historical mathematical models with formal affinities to contemporary architectural production, the course will provoke discussion about the relevance of a history of form, the origins of design technique, the epistemology of geometry models, and the justification for mathematical surfaces in architecture. This course examines the history, theory and practice of parallel (orthographic) and central (perspective) projection. The primary objective is to provide designers with the tools to imagine and represent with precision, dexterity, and virtuosity a continually expanding repertoire of three-dimensional architectural form.
- 565Global History of Landscape ArchitectureGlobal History of Landscape ArchitectureThis global history of the built environment will focus on how the constructed landscape has informed the shape of the city as an embodiment of public life and public values. We will consider landscape as design laboratory, as infrastructure, as theater (etc). The course will introduce the evolution of urban landscape theory and form, particularly as situated in historical, geographical and cultural context. Readings consist of primary sources, as well as subsequent social, politico-economic and cultural histories that reveal: (1) shifting receptions and interpretations of our urban inheritance; and (2) our evolving cultural and professional values. Cultural attitudes toward Nature will be an integral thematic concern, particularly as Nature is situated in ideological and physical relationship to the city.
- 566Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Bharne)Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Bharne)
The physical and ecological construct of urban landscapes across the world consists of a finite and identifiable series of elements – streets, buildings, rivers, infrastructure etc. However, the specific form, intent, intervention with, sustenance of, and inherent attitudes towards these elements, is shaped by several deeper phenomenological forces and circumstances that create distinct identities and signatures of people, place and culture. Different histories, growth patterns, governance structures, cultural beliefs and aspirations all ultimately create different expectations of what the urban landscape is and can be. This recognition has serious implications to the practice of landscape architecture and urbanism. How do we gauge the appropriateness of our interventions in a specific culture? How do we negotiate between our personal biases on what a place ought to be, versus reading it for what it is? How do we understand the practice of landscape design beyond passive physical amelioration, as a reflective engagement with cultural expectations, towards deeper change?
The course examines of the contemporary urban landscape as an enmeshed duality of parallel culture-specific “urbanities” and “urbanisms”. “Urbanities” refers to the myriad phenomenological traits and processes of urban life and cultural experience – from polarizations of poverty and wealth, to the rapid urbanization of cities. “Urbanisms” in turn refers to the diverse physical products and characteristics of the urban landscape – from the psychedelic streetscapes of Tokyo, to the slums of Dacca. Moving across urban history in time and space, this course offers comparative perspectives on attitudes to the city and nature across various places and cultures. Where do they overlap? Where do they separate? How do their cross-influence one another?
- 566Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Hirsch)Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Hirsch)
FOOD LANDSCAPES: Industrial Production + Alternative Practices
This seminar will explore landscapes of global food production with a particular focus on California’s Central Valley, which produces 40% of the nation’s fruits, vegetables, nuts and other table foods on 1% of total U.S. farmland, and exports to growing global markets. The seminar will introduce the history of our current food system and practices in place that relate to land use and formation. It will introduce both climate change and population pressures as major factors in the futures of our food system and will critically examine approaches to mitigating currently unsustainable global practices. It will introduce alternative practices (including but also well beyond urban farming) that resist current production models and consider how design and planning might contribute to imagining alternative food futures.
The seminar will include field trips to alternative food organizations in the city, as well as one overnight trip to the San Joaquin Valley to visit some industrial production and processing facilities (to be scheduled according to student availability; overnight accommodations to be subsidized). The seminar will have weekly readings, with a term project that involves research, writing and diagramming based on fieldwork.
- 566Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Tichenor)Cross-Cultural Topics in Landscape Architecture History (Tichenor)Authenticity and Artifice: A Study of the Invented Landscape of Southern California Southern California has a unique place in the history of landscape design and urbanism. The effects of rapid multi-cultural development, as expressed in both the built environment and the images promulgated in Art, Film and Literature, have, at each stage of the region’s short history, projected a model to the rest of the world of a landscape of seemingly limitless possibility, both hopeful and dystopian. Through an analysis of the successive stages of land planning, garden design, and plant introductions, along with a careful consideration of the diverse writings informed by the distinct landscape of the area, this course will critically assess the cultural arena from which these strong images emerge, and what role designers have played, successfully and unsuccessfully, in molding the built environment.
- 573Seismic DesignSeismic DesignDevelop informed intuition for structural lateral systems strategies and layout required for seismic design. Understand the characteristics of earthquakes and the systems that resist them. Integrate seismic design into the overall architectural design of buildings including the detailing requirements for structural and nonstructural components. (From 2012 Syllabus) "Earthquakes and how they influence building design will be the subject of this course. Students will learn about the earth science behind earthquakes and the fundamentals of the physics and behavior of structural systems designed to resist earthquake motions. System and material selection for seismic design considering the structure, façade, and nonstructural components will be explored to help the student make informed decisions about seismic design."
- 574Parametric DesignParametric DesignThis design seminar aims to investigate the parametric relationship between geometry and architecture element, in this case the relationship between the geometry of atrium and architectural circulation. We will begin by using parametric tools to examine existing architecture examples, which contains atriums and complex circulation systems, with the intention of exploring tensions, functions, and the spatial effects between them. Through this analyzation, students will construct their own geometrical narratives to express the parametric formal relationships of the subject of their studies. Thereafter, these geometrical narratives will be translated into iterations of physical models. This class consists of lectures and workshops, and will utilized both digital and physical media.
- 575aSystems The Thermal EnvironmentSystems The Thermal EnvironmentLearn to apply the fundamental scientific principles governing the thermal environment and human physiology to contemporary issues of environmentally responsive building design and resource efficiency. Students will explore the technologies and strategies to control the indoor environment as well as the basic analyses needed to inform design decision-making and examine project performance. The course will cover the laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer and solar geometry in the context of building design and operation, and occupant comfort - the building as an environmental filter, where environmentally responsive design strategies are used to minimize the size and operation of mechanical systems and demand for energy from renewable sources. Following these steps, energy efficient mechanical systems, controls, and renewable energy technologies will be covered as a supplement to these strategies.
- 575bSystems Luminous and Auditory Phenomena in ArchitectureSystems Luminous and Auditory Phenomena in ArchitectureThis course is the second in the building systems series and covers topics of lighting and acoustics. The fundamental scientific principles governing light and sound in the built environment will be examined in the context of human physiological, psychological and biological needs. It exposes students to technologies, materials and strategies for control of light and sound in buildings as well as the basic analyses needed to inform design decision-making and examine project performance. The course will continue the themes of resource efficiency and end-user comfort through the examination of emerging metrics for daylight sufficiency, visual and acoustic comfort.
- 576Sustainable Design for Healthy Indoor EnvironmentsSustainable Design for Healthy Indoor EnvironmentsThis course will expose seniors and/or graduate students to a systematic evaluation process for performing and diagnosing indoor environmental quality relative to thermal, lighting, air quality, acoustic, and spatial conditions in buildings. Emphasis will be on fundamental approaches for developing integrated environmental design methods that are primary requirements for students in the fields of architecture, environmental design, and building science. This knowledge is basic to understanding the principles underlying human-architecture interaction. The course will focus on the building design process required to assure indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and the needs of building occupants to promote their environmental health, work productivity, psychological comfort, aesthetic quality, and satisfaction. Technical applications will involve user surveys, environmental data collection, and in-depth analysis, as well as suggested steps and processes for solving environmental problems. Course content is designed to help students develop a framework for addressing architectural design and research problems and for identifying practical solutions to the design planning process that will assure a successful building project.
- 577Lighting DesignLighting DesignThe artist, the scientist and the architect who want to understand their world are fascinated by light. Light is the medium of perception in art and in architecture. Light is also one of the most fascinating aspects of physics. As far as we know, it is the only constant. Indeed time and space warps around the constant speed of light. Examine the perceptual and physical aspects of light and learn how the design profession has used light, the tools with which it studies light, and the design principles and drawing conventions with which the profession manipulates light in buildings.
- 579Sustainable Building and Environment using LEED MetricsSustainable Building and Environment using LEED Metrics
This course will provide fundamental knowledge of sustainable building concepts, current environmental design building rating systems (for example, LEED), and building performance and diagnostic metrics, as well as referenced standards related to sustainable design.
The course will examine U.S. case studies to determine best practices, and will adopt practical research experiments in building indoor environmental quality, focusing on thermal, air, lighting, and acoustic qualities. It will also introduce technical and quantitative methods for passive design strategies for a zero energy building. This practice-based course will equip students with analytical skills to develop best green design and technology combinations depending on environmental characteristics of a building site.
Upon completion of the course, students will be prepared to take the LEED Accredited Professionals / Green Associate Exam, which is rapidly becoming the standard of recognition for green building professionals.
- 580Field StudiesField Studies
One of the most important aspects of field research is the opportunity to gain insight into the relationships between design language, building proposition and construction process of specific periods/architects/buildings/landscapes. It is an occasion to discover not only the tenets upon which an designer bases his work, but also how these tenets resolve complex relationships between a project, its site and the cultural/theoretical context in which it was constructed. Through thoughtful case study analysis students will explore how these external forces influence/direct the form and shape of the designed response.
This Field Studies course will concentrate on projects and practices [from the analysis of buildings to the focused engagement with the methods of practice], landscapes and ecologies [both natural and manmade], and urban spaces [including parks, plazas, and urban (re)development projects]. The field study of these spaces and methods also provides an opportunity to understand the complex relationship of the designer with place. These place-based investigations will engage field studies to employ analytical methods, representational techniques, and speculative inquiry into the fundamental spatial and infra-structural elements of place. This investigation allows one to develop awareness as well as appreciate the complex relationship between a place, its inhabitants and the spaces that facilitate a multitude of events and activities.
- 581Techniques in Digital FabricationTechniques in Digital FabricationThe arrival of two KUKA 6-axis robotic arms marked a new phase in USC’s fabrication and design curriculum. With the reliability, accuracy and flexibility afforded by these machines we hope to change the way students understand and engage digitally driven tools for fabrication. Students taking this course will be given primary access to our KR6 Agilus and KR120HA industrial robots. Building on the original digital fabrication seminar, students will become well versed in the language of robotics and kinematics, becoming the de facto programers and operators. Utilizing our core shop and fabrication facilities, students will be expected to design and build custom end-effectors and tooling for the robots. While the concept of programming may seem imposing, newly developed parametric plugins such as KukaPRC allow direct interface between Rhino/Grasshopper and the robot arms. This interface will be the primary focus of our design work in this seminar.
- 585Visual Storytelling and Entrepreneurship in MediaVisual Storytelling and Entrepreneurship in Media
THIS COURSE IS 80% ONLINE. There are three on-campus meetings during the semester.
Designers are storytellers. Each line we draw or model we build expresses intent. Historically, drawing has been the primary medium of expression in the communication of design ideas. In this course we will combine traditional methods of expression with current online technology to create unique and compelling visual stories. Anyone can tell a story, but learning to tell an engaging, poignant story that generates real interest, enthusiasm, support and excitement is a vital tool in today’s fast-moving digital culture. This course helps the student understand how visual stories can serve as an active tool to critically explore, evaluate, and express design ideas.
This course specifically stresses the instrumentality of online videos for communicating and thinking graphically. This master class in media making, distribution and promotion will benefit architecture and design students who want deeper and more practical uses for visual storytelling. In the first half of the course, the emphasis is on telling a visual story effectively. The second half is devoted to presentation and promotion, including crowdfunding. The emphasis throughout is always on the deep structure that is critical to creating an effective visual story.
Instructor Background: Lee Schneider is creative director of Red Cup Agency, a communications agency based in Santa Monica and known for its work with startups, entrepreneurs and social activists. He is the founder of Digital Fundraising School, an online school that helps media-makers, designers and tech visionaries become better crowdfunders. He is the author of "Be More Popular: Culture-Building for Startups." He has guest-lectured and taught workshops and classes at USC, University of Minnesota College of Design, Architecture for Humanity, and Public Architecture. Before his work with Red Cup, he was executive producer and founder of DocuCinema, a media production company that made documentaries and series television for The History Channel, Discovery Health, The Learning Channel, ReelzChannel, Food Network and Bravo. Early in his career, Mr. Schneider was a writer for Good Morning America and a producer for Dateline NBC.
- 586City Cine Visuality, Media and Urban ExperienceCity Cine Visuality, Media and Urban ExperienceIn this course each week, we will compare chosen media examples (photography, films, anime/magna, commercials, web content, etc.) with selected seminal readings in urban planning and social theory to tease out latent connection between visual media and urban life. Each week is be structured around a different theme – city symphonies, alienation, gender, globalism, immigration, poverty, surveillance, ecology, noir, etc. Students are expected to select readings that particularly interest them each week and come to class prepared to discuss the major ideas at hand, referencing the required texts and the media example.
- 588Interactive Architecture Computing and the Physical WorldInteractive Architecture Computing and the Physical WorldThis course is a seminar and workshop exploring physical interaction with computational media in real time. The widespread diffusion of sensing, computational, and communicative media into the physical realm presents an opportunity for exploring and constructing intelligent objects understood through dynamic and complex relationships of adaptation and improvisation to the environment, the site, and the human body. The course will chart and explore a range of approaches for integrating computation into the physical realm through a series of projects using physical computing prototyping tools. This course is focused on self-directed, project-based learning within and experimental and collaborative setting. Students will design and develop projects that use sensors and microcontrollers to translate sensory input to control electro-mechanical devices such as motors, servos, lighting or other hardware in real time. There are no prerequisites for the class. This is an interdisciplinary course and students from outside the School of Architecture are welcomed and encouraged to register
- 590Directed ResearchDirected Research
(1.0 - 12.0 UNITS)
Research leading to the master's degree. Maximum units which may be applied to the degree to be determined by the department. Graded CR/NC.
- 599Digital Fabrication – Materials and Methods of ProductionDigital Fabrication – Materials and Methods of Production
This course is a broad overview of multiple fabrication and construction techniques used in the production of architecture, furniture, and industrial design.
This course will be a combination of lecture and lab. Lectures will cover three primary categories of industrial process (Additive, Subtractive, and Transformative) along with materials research (Plastics, Composites, Wood, and Metals). We will engage a series of discovery‐ based, hands‐ on workshops where students will begin small scale material and fabrication prototypes, utilizing various digital fabrication technologies (CNC milling, 3D printing, Laser Cutting, etc). In the second half of the course, students will further develop their initial material-based discoveries into refined, small‐ scale projects that exhibit a high degree of material awareness and craft.
- 599Informed FormInformed Form
This is a design research seminar that will explore the relevance of architectural form as a product of discovery by exploring the reciprocity between form (geometry), force (performance), matter (organization), and craft (fabrication). It investigates and extends the design research legacies of analogue form-finding in the works of Frei Otto, Antonio Gaudi, Heinz Isler, and Felix Candela by exploring digital and analogue techniques for discovering form through variable material and geometric organizations and force simulations, while simultaneously considering the design opportunities being afforded by advances in computation and fabrication technologies. In this elective course, students will research and analyze the history of funicular form and its applications within architecture, explore the application and manipulation of both physical and digital form-finding experiments, performative analysis and simulation, and digital fabrication protocols to explore the potential for materiality and non-standardization processes to augment performance through variable organizations. The goal of the course is to understand performance as a design catalyst for the exploration of form. Students must have proficiency in Rhino 3D and a minimum proficiency with Grasshopper. All other software will be introduced in the course.
Students will need to have the following softwares installed:
- Rhino 3D
- Grasshopper plug-in for Rhino
- Kangaroo plug-in for Grasshopper
- Karamba plug-in for Grasshopper
- 599Programming Object Oriented Ecologies: Simulating Complex SystemsProgramming Object Oriented Ecologies: Simulating Complex Systems
This class is an introduction to programming and computer modeling of ecological simulations that include the interactions of humans with their environments. The course will be both technical and theoretical, connecting notions of programming and simulation, with the nature of computer modeling and ecological perspectives towards non-human agents. Each class will include a 1-hour lecture explaining the foundations of programming and the simulation of complex adaptive systems using Unity3D, a real-time game engine.
The course will teach programming skills in the C# language with particular focus on an object-oriented approach, in which simulated agents interact with each another giving rise to emergent phenomena. The course will explore the foundations of interdependence in ecology and support students to think of design problems with a systemic toolset.
- 599Realtime Computational Representation: Game Engines And Virtual RealityRealtime Computational Representation: Game Engines And Virtual Reality
Computational systems have reached the speed of operations that allows simulating human perception in real-time. It is no longer necessary to wait for hours to obtain an accurate depiction of the interplay of light with materials or calculate the angle of a shadow. By exploring gaming technology, this class will invite students to re-consider architectural representation through the scope of a real-time medium, where the exploration of space can be performed at a simulated 1:1 scale.
Real-time technologies, as advanced by game engines, are not only a medium for architectural visualization, but also a medium for simulation, where data can be superimposed over architectural geometry, enabling an augmented perception of a digital project. By learning how to visualize and how to simulate data over pre-existing geometry, the class intends to give new tools of inquiry for mapping and framing architectural information.
This course will be structured as a technical introduction to real-time visualization and virtual reality, exploring the opportunities and challenges presented by the medium. The course will be taught using the game engine Unity and will make use of the USC VR sets to test students projects in virtual reality.
The objectives of the course is to challenge traditional conceptions of space and representation, generating conceptual simulations that develop insight into architecture’s potential.
- 599Research + Design + Build: CARAPACEResearch + Design + Build: CARAPACE
Students from the USC School of Architecture are designing, fabricating, and installing a “CARAPACE” shade pavilion at Joshua Tree National Park. The project started as a USC design studio in Spring 2019 and is now into the fabrication and installation phase. With guidance from professionals, students will use ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) in a completely new application on the leading edge of materials science. Students will also design the new VIP campground at Joshua Tree. Meeting times to be determined by the students. No previous experience required. Join us and earn your coveralls and patch!
This course will provide opportunities for students in materials fabrication, construction, CAD/CAM, construction management, site design,
- We will camp at Joshua Tree National Park during the installation later in the Fall Semester (we will help if you are not an experienced camper).
- The project is fully funded.
- Schedule is flexible and will be designed to meet student needs.
- Contact the faculty for further information: firstname.lastname@example.org
- 599Slums and the CitySlums and the City
How do the billion people in slums in cities around the world live and work? What is the relationship of the slum to the city, and of slum dwellers to urban life and economy in cities around the world? In this course we will focus on the cultural, social, economic, and political processes that shape this particular urban housing form. The course will also investigate the effects of local and global policies and trends on the experiences of those living in slums and squatter settlements in cities around the world.
Course discussions will focus on both classic and contemporary scholarship, reports, and documentaries that investigate slums and squatter settlements from architectural, policy, human rights, and economic perspectives. The course will cover general theories on low-income housing, and practical approaches towards the management of slums and squatter settlements in cities around the world.
- 599Space and the City: Lessons from the FutureSpace and the City: Lessons from the Future
Space activity and space age technologies are now an integral part of, and fast becoming a positive force in city development and evolution. Space technologies are helping transform and rehabilitate old cities and their aging infrastructure too. Water and power distribution, transportation and air quality, food production, delivery and waste management, emergency health care and disaster relief all have complex interdependence through agile and advanced communications built into their vast and ever more intricate and intertwined networks. Monitoring and metering activity are all heading toward autonomy, leaving supervision and anomaly resolution as the principal tasks for human crew.
From Archeology to Agriculture and Automobile and factory emissions, space-based technologies are changing the way we see, monitor and respond to our surroundings with agility. Remote sensing allows agile monitoring of the weather and hazards like fire and earthquakes and help to organize relief efforts in ways never before possible. Technologies like high resolution hyperspectral imaging can even access yield and spot disease burden in crop and livestock and even help to contain deadly pathogens from quickly spreading into pandemics.
As the world population grows, so does the need for more resources and their efficient management. We will study, imagine and visualize how to imbibe and apply useful and appropriate technologies and processes of current and proposed human space activities to create more synergetic relationships between the manmade and natural environments using principles of human space activity as a guide.
- 599Taming Smart Materials: A Workshop On Controlling Behavior With GeometriesTaming Smart Materials: A Workshop On Controlling Behavior With Geometries
This workshop will be an in-depth study correlating the importance of geometry with the control of smart material behavior. We will meet once a week to develop dynamic movement and surfaces using three different phase changing materials: shape memory polymers, polystyrene and shape memory alloys (or thermobimetal)--most of which will be provided by the instructor or handmade by the students. After the initial introduction of the scientific nature of the three materials and studying selected group of precedents through diagramming and replication, students will begin to familiarize themselves with the natural behavior of the smart materials and develop effective geometries in two and three-dimensions as well as integrate structural strategies for a final installation with a self-supporting surface. By the end of the semester, each student will build a self-assembling device as a culmination of their earlier studies.
The device may be a responsive surface or an operable product or piece of furniture. The final presentation with include drawings/diagrams and will be made public physically and digitally.
- 605aLGraduate Architecture Design II - IntegrationGraduate Architecture Design II - IntegrationBasic principles of structural (seismic/wind and gravity), HVAC, building envelope, access/egress, building service systems; and sustainable strategies are critical to the proper execution of performative goals. The integration of building systems will be delineated to demonstrate the tectonic viability a design solution.
- 605bLGraduate Architecture Design- ComprehensiveGraduate Architecture Design- ComprehensiveComprehensive project emphasizing the interaction between general principles and local sites, building technologies and total building design.
- 606Advanced Architectural TheoryAdvanced Architectural TheoryWithin contemporary architectural design a significant shift in emphasis can be detected – a move away from an architecture based primarily on visual concerns towards an architecture justified by its performance. Structural, constructional, economic, environmental and other parameters – concerns that were once relegated to a secondary level – have now become primary, and are being embraced as positive inputs into the design process from the outset. Architecture – it would seem – is now preoccupied less with style and appearance, and increasingly with material processes and performance. It is as though a new architectural design sensibility has emerged. But how exactly might we theorize this new sensibility? The course tracks this new development from its origins in materialist philosophies to its implications within the field of design. It draws upon biomimetics and other aspects of scientific thinking, such as theories of emergence and swarm intelligence, that are informing recent developments in contemporary design thinking. It goes on to consider the role of computation in this development, from new scripting techniques to fabrication technologies, from the scale of individual components to entire cities, and from terrestrial concerns to new robotic technologies being envisaged by NASA for application on the Moon. The aim of the class is to provide a theoretical manifesto for a new way of approaching design that is sweeping through architecture and urbanism.
- 607Advanced ComputationAdvanced Computation
This course stems from the assumption that architects should not only be able to use various tools but should have the ability to create new critical and experimental design tools that respond to specific design-questions. In this course, we will aim at the generation of design-question oriented customized digital workflows. These customized workflows will explore the potential of breaking down a design problem into several questions in order to approach architectural and urban research through a bottom-up method. This technique will allow us to experiment with converging varied inter-operational platforms in order to develop custom toolsets for each proposed design question. The process of workflow customization will amplify our ability to explore options and achieve depth and speed of analysis. In this course we will use Rhino/Grasshopper as meta-tools which enable the creation of other tools.
However, the course is not about software itself, but about experimental design processes. Using a series of custom scripts, techniques and workflows, Rhino/Grasshopper will be used to create new interfaces that disappear and become part of the Rhino environment or even part of the physical world. External input devices (cameras and sensors) will be used to create new relationships with 3d modeling, data will become incorporated into new forms of tools, and representation will be explored as a way to design the behavior of the user. Technology will not be used as calculators, but as augmentations of the designer that alters their design process.
The point of the course is to develop computational design thinking in order to acquire a critical lens for the evaluation of digital tools. Through a closer look at the relationship between computational design theories and methods, we will engage in an experimental feedback loop where new ideas can generate new design techniques, and new design techniques can thus generate new ideas.
- 607Advanced Computation (Fall)Advanced Computation (Fall)
Contemporary architecture is designed predominantly with digital software. Although the designer is the puppet master pulling the strings, different digital tools encourage distinct workflows, which have critical impact over design outcomes. Polygon-based modeling software, such as Maya, offers designers a range of sculpting techniques to construct form, which is vastly different from NURBS-based software such as Rhino. Polygon modeling provides a faster feedback loop between intuition and outcome, enabling unique aesthetic sensibilities, and at the same time challenging the user's precision and control. This course aims to explore the form-shaping capacity that polygon based software (Maya) affords to designers. The course will introduce students to a range of techniques concerning modeling in Maya and consist of lectures, tutorials and in-class work sessions.
- 608Special Topics in Urban Theory Los AngelesSpecial Topics in Urban Theory Los AngelesExplore the city of Los Angeles through this advanced seminar in urban theory with an emphasis on contemporary architecture theory. Students will deepen their understanding of this extraordinary city’s historical transformations and recent development. Examine the city’s complex relationship with its environment as well as power and resource distribution. How, for example, does architecture imagine the city, its management, appearance, its cleanliness and contaminations? More broadly, this course aims to give the student new tools to analyze the contemporary material conditions of cities; it is curious about the history and theory of ecology, atmosphere, and environment.
- 609Advanced Fabrication (Ley)Advanced Fabrication (Ley)
This course provides an introduction to a range of new fabrication techniques and technologies that will encourage students to rethink the nature of architectural fabrication and representation. The subject matter in this course anticipates that students already have a working knowledge of the major material groups within architectural design and construction (Wood, Metals, Concrete, Masonry, Glass, Plastics, and Composites). Over the course of the semester, we will look closely at how these materials are being utilized and advanced in fields outside of architecture and will also learn the methods and processes that are used in their fabrication.
- 611Advanced Building Systems IntegrationAdvanced Building Systems IntegrationNo other building system has more impact on the overall look, character and performance of a building than its façade system. However, far too often, aesthetic concerns have dominated façade design discourse while performative considerations have been limited. This course aims to develop a fundamental understanding of the relationship between the façade, building performance (energy consumption) and indoor thermal and visual comfort. We will work to develop a critical awareness of performance issues related to façade systems, the opportunities for enhanced performance and core skills necessary to evaluate, determine and integrate appropriate façade technology. Upon completion of the course, students will: Understand fundamental principles of façade construction and detailing. Understand fundamental relationships between energy, environment and building enclosure. Utilize appropriate modeling and analysis software. Develop core skills to evaluate, determine and integrate appropriate façade technology. Develop high performance façade proposals. Develop framework for further ongoing research on the subject.
- 613LSeminar Structures ResearchSeminar Structures Research
Vertical structures respond to gravity, wind, seismic, and thermal loads. They also need to be integrated with architectural objectives, creating a synergy of form and structure. This course covers various methods for stabilizing vertical structures, including foundation design, moment and braced frames, framed tube design, shear walls, and building diaphragm design in the context of wood, steel, concrete, and masonry structures. Students will explore the use of Multiframe; LDG (Lateral Design Graph); SDG (Structure Design Graph) to design moment frames, braced frames, and shear wall structures; and PDG (Post Design Graph) to design posts in wood, steel, concrete, and masonry for axial and bending stress.
Structure and Design: https://titles.cognella.com/structure-and-design-9781516522989
Detailed information is posted at http://uscarch.com/structures/
- 615LSeminar Environmental Systems ResearchSeminar Environmental Systems ResearchAcquire new building science concepts, and experience how they impact building performance. This course introduces the concept of total building energy performance, delineating the full range of performance mandates required for today’s architecture, including building integrity. Explore the relationships, opportunities, and conflicts of the performance mandates, and the integration of building systems necessary to achieve total building energy performance. Through lectures and seminar instruction, students will develop a basis for environmental design performance and system design skills, towards creating high-performance buildings.
- 635Landscape Construction Assembly and DocumentationLandscape Construction Assembly and DocumentationThis course builds an understanding of landscape materials and assemblies, construction documents and sequencing. Students will learn the content and organization of construction documents and specifications. Lectures, site visits and field trips will provide opportunities for students to observe multiple approaches to the use of site materials. Students will learn the basic vocabulary of site construction documentation and detailing and how to modify and adapt details for specific site conditions.
- 642Landscape Architecture DesignLandscape Architecture Design
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 542abL
This course is an option research studio that tackles questions integral to the current practice of landscape architecture. Options offer diversity in scale, scope and geography, often with international possibilities. Opportunities for collaboration with other disciplines in the school (including Architecture and Heritage Conservation) are sometimes offered at this level. The expectation for this course is students have developed skills and values that ensure more self-direction in research and design development, culminating in a diversity of final proposals.
- 691aHeritage Conservation Thesis Preparation and ThesisHeritage Conservation Thesis Preparation and ThesisPrerequisite(s): ARCH 549 Introduction to, and exploration of, topics leading to the development of a thesis prospectus and directed research towards the completion of the master’s thesis in heritage conservation. Credit on acceptance of thesis. Registration restricted to Master of Heritage Conservation students who have satisfactorily completed 12 hours of graduate course work and have permission of the Program Director. Graded IP/CR/NC.
- 691bHeritage Conservation Thesis Preparation and ThesisHeritage Conservation Thesis Preparation and ThesisPrerequisite(s): ARCH 549 Introduction to, and exploration of, topics leading to the development of a thesis prospectus and directed research towards the completion of the master’s thesis in heritage conservation. Credit on acceptance of thesis. Registration restricted to Master of Heritage Conservation students who have satisfactorily completed 12 hours of graduate course work and have permission of the Program Director. Graded IP/CR/NC.
- 692bLBuilding Science ThesisBuilding Science ThesisPrerequisite(s): ARCH 596 This course has several coincident agendas. We will complete the Master’s Thesis for the Building Science program which each student has developed in preceding 596 and 692a classes. But in the process, we will address a broad range of ancillary topics. We will create a “culture of learning” as part of the course. Although it is a studio course, there will be guest lecturers, lectures of assigned topics and periodic reviews, as well as normal studio time. We will review the scientific method in general and as it applies to each thesis topic. We will consider the value and impact of investigative tools in the process and product of Architecture. We will write papers which could be submitted to conferences or journals as a prototype of technology transfer (and a measure of the value and validity of the material.) Those of you who have had abstracts accepted will use the abstracts as topics for these papers. We will do several interim presentations to the first year students and to outside consultants and to committee members, prior to the final presentation. We will examine topics in Building Science which are of current interest, whether or not one of the current theses addresses these topics. We will write the thesis in several stages, so that there is opportunity to modify and improve both the research and the writing prior to the thesis due date. Prior to the due date (currently April 1) each student will produce a thesis in the format acceptable to the University and with content acceptable to all committee members. Finally, each student will produce a shorter version of the thesis material in a format consistent with publication. In the process, each student will learn something about the content area of each other student’s thesis.
- 694Research Publication Methods for Building ScienceResearch Publication Methods for Building ScienceTechnical documentation, graphic representation, and verbal presentation for writing and presenting journal articles and conference presentations in building science.
- 698aLM.L.Arch. ThesisM.L.Arch. Thesis
This research seminar provides a foundation for the Advanced Design-Research studio course in the Spring (ARCH 698b). The seminar may be oriented toward topical, geographical and/or methodological study. The Advanced Design-Research sequence integrates students into a deep research process that culminates in proposals that have replicable potential and the potential for impact on environmental and urban policy. Topics are set by the instructor but offer a wide range of options for students to pursue their passions and interests as developed during their previous coursework in Landscape Architecture.
- 698bLM.L.Arch. ThesisM.L.Arch. Thesis
The final studio in the design sequence, Advanced Design-Research is intended to integrate students into a deep research process that culminates in proposals that have replicable potential and the potential for impact on environmental and urban policy. The ARCH 698a research seminar in the Fall provides the research basis for this studio course. Topics are set by the instructor but offer a wide range of options for students to pursue their passions and interests as developed during their previous coursework in Landscape Architecture.
- 702LAdvanced Graduate Architecture Design- ThemesAdvanced Graduate Architecture Design- ThemesAdvanced thematic topical investigations emphasizing diverse areas of specialization. Projects will be faculty-led research investigations that concentrate on diverse areas of vital concern.
- 705LAdvanced Graduate Architecture Design- TopicsAdvanced Graduate Architecture Design- TopicsAdvanced topical investigations emphasizing diverse areas of specialization. Projects will be faculty-led research investigations that concentrate on diverse areas of vital concern.
- 793aLArchitecture Directed Design Research Option IArchitecture Directed Design Research Option IDirected Design Research option for graduate level architecture degree. Credit on acceptance of research project. Graded IP/CR/NC.
- 793bLArchitecture Directed Design Research Option IArchitecture Directed Design Research Option IDirected Design Research option for graduate level architecture degree. Credit on acceptance of research project. Graded IP/CR/NC.
- 795aLArchitecture Thesis Option IIArchitecture Thesis Option IIThesis option for graduate level architecture degree. Credit on acceptance of thesis. Graded IP/CR/NC.
- 795bLArchitecture Thesis Option IIArchitecture Thesis Option IIThesis option for graduate level architecture degree. Credit on acceptance of research project. Graded IP/CR/NC.