Digital Tools for Architecture
- 3 unit(s)
Building information modeling (BIM) is a digital paradigm shift, in many ways similar to that of the CAD revolution of the 1980s. What is BIM? How is it different from CAD? Why does an architecture student need to know about it? This course provides an introduction to BIM from the viewpoint of the architect (Revit Architecture), engineer (Revit Structure and Revit Mechanical), and contractor (Navisworks, Bluebeam). Depending on time, other software such as Fuzor or Stingray (BIM in a game engine), Fusion (rapid prototyping), FormIt (conceptual modeling), or Dynamo (visual programming) will be explored. Guest lecturers will speak on current digital issues facing the architecture profession. Please feel free to contact the instructor for more information.
- 102alArchitectural Design IArchitectural Design IExamine the critical role of materials and methods for the design and construction of buildings. The primary focus is on materials and systems, their properties and connections, and their intrinsic relationship to structural systems and environmental performance. Students will develop a fundamental understanding of: the relationship of materiality to construction systems and techniques, how building materials are manufactured, and how a material’s modular form, dimensions and intrinsic qualities influence the design process. Students will learn about various building systems, and how these systems assist in the expression of a design concept, through an examination of precedent projects whose design concepts were generated by material logics and systems. Students will work hands-on with building materials (concrete, wood, metal, etc.) to get an understanding of each material’s properties.
- 102blArchitectural Design IArchitectural Design IPrerequisite(s): ARCH 102aL Introduction to principles and processes; sequence of exercises emphasizing development of basic skills, ideas, and techniques used in the design of simplified architectural projects. Prerequisite: ARCH 102aL.
- 105lFundamentals of Design CommunicationFundamentals of Design CommunicationThis course is an introduction to the practice of visual representation and conceptual communication in the field of spatial design and architecture. Drawing has long been the notation system for re- presenting 3D ideas projected onto a 2D surface and will be explored and interrogated through a series of in-class exercises, field-trips, lectures and film screenings. Los Angeles will play the role of the subject matter, examined through various scales of representation, providing relevant material for analysis. Representational techniques, systems and types will be introduced in four parts throughout the semester: 1. Line, Shape, Composition, 2. Orthographic Projection, 3. Paraline / Oblique Projection, and 4. Experiential. Each quadrant will be capped with a cumulative assignment and a final project at the end of the semester will require the students to demonstrate a comprehensive graphic analysis and refined drawing output.
- 106xWorkshop in ArchitectureWorkshop in ArchitectureThis course is an introduction to the processes involved in the creation and understanding of architecture. The workshop, designed for architecture minors and non-architecture majors, is a project-based laboratory involving drawing and model making, with no previous design or drawing experience needed. The course is structured around projects executed in class throughout the semester, a series of readings and discussions, visits to sites of architectural interest and a term paper. Over the course of this class, you will develop: - A preliminary architectural vocabulary - Basic 2D and 3D technical and freehand drawing skills - Basic model making skills - An understanding of the methods through which architecture communicates ideas and intentions - An understanding of the role which architectural history plays in shaping the work of contemporary architects - An understanding of how the architect conceives, creates and executes a project Most of the learning in this course happens in class, through workshop projects and through exchange of ideas with your instructor and classmates. Therefore, participation and engagement in class are required. There is a natural progression to the classes; projects and readings build upon each other. If you are absent, it is your responsibility to meet with the instructor for instructions and materials to complete the missed assignment before the next class.
- 114Architecture Culture and CommunityArchitecture Culture and CommunityThis introductory course investigates the role of architecture as a cultural product linked to a variety of external influences that shape the built and natural environment. Students will develop an awareness of design as a collaborative process and address issues of environmental sustainability, social responsibility, human behavior, diversity, and community.
- 202aLArchitectural Design IIArchitectural Design IIStudents will build on the techniques and methodologies gained in the first-year program, while adding to them a comprehensive idea about site as a cultural and physical generator of architectural form. Students will be introduced to methods of site analysis and research, new generative drawing techniques, as well as the architectural and disciplinary conventions associated with site work. Prerequisite: ARCH 102bL.
- 202bLArchitectural Design IIArchitectural Design IIPrerequisite(s): ARCH 202aL As a second year design student, you began by seeing Los Angeles and notions of site anew. In the second semester of your second year you will continue to embark on re-reading conventional notions of architecture - this time by re-imagining materiality. Rather than working in the linear sequence of designing first, selecting material second, we will ask: how can the process of making and experimentation in the studio setting directly inform new and unexpected notions of materiality? By studying materiality in the nascent stages of design, the process of making can begin to inform new perceptions of space, time, and effect. This semester we will challenge Robin Evan’s repeated claim that “architects make drawings, not buildings.” We will work from the position that architects engage directly with the matter of construction. The process of building physical models will not be merely a representation of an a priori idea but instead will be seen as a search for material understanding. Material behavior and interaction cannot be predicted or determined through static representation alone. Your process for design will be akin to the scientific method, in which empirical models and a set of hypotheses, tests, and conclusions will be the basis for analysis and guide work flow. Given the established divide between traditional building materials, i.e brick, steel, or glass, and unconventional materials, typically thought of as those not traditionally used in building trades, we will interrogate this dichotomy in order to rethink both sides of the equation. We will explore how to use conventional materials in unconventional ways and unconventional materials in newfound architectural ways. With this exploration, the use of both analog and digital tools and a deliberate understanding of the appropriateness of when to employ each, will be crucial. Lastly, we will carefully consider the consequences, aesthetically and culturally, that come from our experiments and newfound notions of materiality. In Project One, As a Matter of Fact & Fiction, we will re-imagine the material framework of existing (factual) houses, chosen for their neutral relationship to materiality. By investigating these buildings through new (fictional) model-building techniques - the stereotomic, the tectonic, and the monocoque - the process of experimentation to understand material behavior at the scale of the model will begin. In Project Two, Material Musings, these novel notions will be scaled to the size of a small chamber, exposing the often deceptive discontinuities in shifts that come from moving between the scale of the architectural model and full-scale fabrication. In Project Three, Material Mash-Up, materiality will drive the design of a small library building, paired with a wild- card program to encourage cross-materiality.
- 207Computer Applications in ArchitectureComputer Applications in ArchitectureComputer Aided Design (CAD) has become an essential tool for architecture students (and other students interested in design) while in school and for professional work. Initially, CAD was seen as computer-aided drafting, a translation of manual methods of producing drawings into a digital method of doing something similar. The term CAD has grown beyond that. Explore digital models with a special emphasis on thinking about the relationships between 2d and 3d, virtual and real, and especially fabrication.
- 211Materials and Methods of Building ConstructionMaterials and Methods of Building Construction
Basic considerations and design implications of the problem of determination of the materials and the construction details and processes for buildings.
Examine the critical role of materials and methods for the design and construction of buildings. The primary focus is on materials and systems, their properties and connections, and their intrinsic relationship to structural systems and environmental performance.
Students will develop a fundamental understanding of: the relationship of materiality to construction systems and techniques, how building materials are manufactured, and how a material’s modular form, dimensions and intrinsic qualities influence the design process.
Students will learn about various building systems, and how these systems assist in the expression of a design concept, through an examination of precedent projects whose design concepts were generated by material logics and systems. Students will work hands-on with building materials (concrete, wood, metal, etc.) to get an understanding of each material’s properties.
- 213agBuilding Structures and Seismic DesignBuilding Structures and Seismic DesignPrerequisite(s): PHYS 125 and MATH 108 Structure defines form and space and supports gravity, lateral, and thermal loads. The course introduces the four S’s required for architectural structures: Synergy, Strength, Stiffness, and Stability. Synergy, a system greater the sum of its parts, reinforces architectural objectives; strength resists breaking; stiffness resists deformation; and stability resists collapse. Structures must also resist bending, shear, tension, compression, thermal stress and strain. Learn the historic evolution, material, and system of structures, as well as the basic design and analysis tools for conceptual design. Prerequisites: PHYS 125 and MATH 108. Required text: Structure and Design: https://titles.cognella.com/structure-and-design.html/ Detailed information is also posted at http://www.usc.edu/structures/.
- 213bgBuilding Structures and Seismic DesignBuilding Structures and Seismic Design
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 213a or equivalent course
Learn the design of basic structural systems: arch, vault, dome, truss, space truss, Vierendeel, suspended and stayed structures, moment frame, braced frame, shear wall, framed tube, bundled tube, and suspended high-rise. Structure selection and optimization is based on environmental conditions, available resources and technology. Explore how the design of these systems accounts for gravity, lateral wind, seismic load, and thermal stress and strain. Learn about seismic design and failure, as well as schematic design based on the global bending and shear concept. Students will design structures and build a structural model including small, medium, and large spaces.
Required text: Structure and Design https://titles.cognella.com/structure-and-design.html/
Detailed information is posted at http://www.usc.edu/structures/
- 214agWorld History of ArchitectureWorld History of Architecture
Architecture is the product of social, cultural, religious, and political forces. Great cultures and civilizations have existed all over the world, producing not only great monuments but robust vernacular architectural traditions, closely tied to the environment and their local context, which resonate even today.
This course examines the history of architecture from the Prehistoric period through the 16th century from a global perspective.
- 214bgWorld History of ArchitectureWorld History of ArchitectureArchitecture is the product of social, cultural, religious, and political forces. Great cultures and civilizations have existed all over the world, producing not only great monuments but robust vernacular architectural traditions, closely tied to the environment and their local context, which resonate even today. This course examines the history of architecture from the Prehistoric period through the 16th century from a global perspective. Course Description: Arch 214a presents an overview of the history of architecture from the Prehistoric period through the 16th century from a global perspective. It is based on a five-part structure to ensure complete coverage. In alphabetical order, this is: (1) Africa (2) Asia (3) Europe (4) The Americas (5) West Asia. For clarity, this part of the survey will be divided into chronologically coherent groupings, related to discernable similarities, as well as three distinct sections, entitled I: The Search for Meaning in the Cosmos, II: The Rise and Fall of Empires, and III: The Age of Faiths.
- 215Design for the Thermal and Atmospheric EnvironmentDesign for the Thermal and Atmospheric EnvironmentFueled by population growth, within the next twenty years - according to Architecture 2030 - the global built environment will be redesigned, added to, or remade, adding an area equal to 3.5 times the existing buildings of the United States (900 billion square feet). In the process, energy patterns will be locked in for our cities, and as a result for our planet, for the following 50 years. If Climate Change is to be manageable and not catastrophic, future development must be defined by an awareness and a commitment to high performance, deep energy efficiency, and even carbon neutral design. During the past century, the architectural profession has moved, by and large, away from a centuries old awareness of the environment, a deeper understanding of local climates, and a knowledge of how to maintain balance between building and environment. As a result, deeper dependencies on mechanized heating and cooling, especially when buildings were designed with ingrained inefficiencies, became the norm and the solution to any problem. Energy use in buildings skyrocketed as a result, fueling the need for more power plants to supply energy for inefficient buildings and cities. For generations, this energy has been provided, by and large, by fossil fuel fired power plants, leading to increased CO2 emissions. Recently, there has been a professional awakening around the role architects play in contributing to the problem of climate change. In the October, 2003 edition of Metropolis, Ed Mazria called out the profession pointing out that, “Architects Pollute”. In the immediate aftermath, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) brought focus to energy efficiency and sustainability - both of which are now core doctrines for the AIA. Architects see problems and solve problems. This is critically important when it comes to energy dependence and climate change. We are are living through a time when the profession is in transition. Designing without understanding the impacts for energy, water and resource consumption is no longer possible. State and National Energy Codes now place limits on the amount of energy that can be used by buildings. This is a time of great challenge for architects (and future architects). It is also a time of great opportunity. This course will discuss Climate Change and the critical role architects play in the discussion in the context of understanding and designing for the thermal environment of buildings. Through the semester, students will discuss and review basic concepts of sustainability, gaining an understanding of climate appropropriate design, passive heating and cooling, and renewable energy systems. At the same time, through weekly readings and assignments, students will use tools to help them understand, measure and design better buildings. They will be exposed to and will learn the international language of sustainability. During the semester, students will explore concepts and test ideas, building a single building (design and climate assigned by the instructor) to test passive energy features, evaluate daylighting, and ultimately to design a Zero Net Energy Building.
- 220The Architect's SketchbookThe Architect's SketchbookThe ability to sketch is the ability to visualize and transfer that vision, from your mind, to your hand, to the paper. The sketchbook is an important part of the process of design as a place to audition new ideas. Students will develop skills to observe, perceive, and authoritatively document space in order to better understand architecture and the built environment. Sites around the city that have historical or contemporary architectural significance will serve as inspiration. Course Description: The intention of this course is to enable students to develop a passion for sketching and the essential graphic skills to fulfill their aspirations. The ability to “to sketch what you see”, “to understand what you see”, and to “love what you see”, underscores the fascination and beauty of the sketchbook and the visual curiosity of it’s author. It is the sketch that enters directly into the soul of the viewer, enabling them to see everyday things, hitherto never seen before! Sketching will enrich your ability to envision your surroundings quickly, and let you share your visions with others. Sketching is very personal and you will develop your own visual vocabulary as an expression of your interest and skills. In addition to the preliminary list of principles described, each class will have one overriding rule for sketching.
- 302aLArchitectural Design IIIArchitectural Design IIIPrerequisite(s): ARCH 202bL
- 302bLArchitectural Design IIIArchitectural Design IIIThe integration of architectural design with building systems, both material (structure and enclosure) and experiential (circulation and environment), is the focus of this final core sequence studio. The comprehensive design project requires students to implement all the knowledge and skills previously accumulated, to extend the depth and breadth of their understanding of design issues, and to deal definitively with the interaction of the formal, experiential, regulatory, and technical requirements of architectural design. Projects will provide for structural integrity, for ventilation, heating and cooling (both natural and mechanical), for natural and artificial lighting, and for acoustic amenity. Students must build into their designs life-safety, egress, and accessibility requirements as embodied in model building codes. Developing a portion of each project in detail and extrapolating those tectonics, students will be responsible for integrating program, site and formal analyses, comprehending the ways in which decisions made in each sphere inform the others.
- 304xIntensive Survey Prehistory to the PresentIntensive Survey Prehistory to the PresentExamine the evolution of the built environment as a representation of people’s symbolic, economic, political, and physical ideals from prehistory to today. The course intends to provide a fundamental method for understanding how people use architecture to present meaning and intention. The aim is to help non-majors develop visual literacy about the built environment and will include study of pseudo-historical buildings in the greater Los Angeles area. An intensive historical overview of architecture from prehistory to the present, emphasizing interrelationships of various global cultures and how social considerations were translated into form. Not available for credit to architecture majors.
- 306mShelterShelter“We shape our buildings: thereafter they shape us.” Sir Winston Churchill This course asks a seemingly simple question – What is Shelter? The answer however, is quite complex. It is typically thought that man designs shelter based on physical opportunities and constraints (i.e. climate, materials, construction, etc). However, reliance on physical factors alone to create shelter is a gross oversimplification. Man is a social being, operating within complex belief systems, family structures, social organization, cultural milieus, etc. This course posits that it is these powerful social and cultural factors, rather than the physical factors, which truly drive the creation of shelter. This course delves into the tremendous impact and implications social class and poverty have on the creation of shelter. Students will learn the numerous ways social class and poverty manifest as we examine life and shelter in refugee camps, urban slums, homeless camps and post-disaster housing. Students will learn how man endures throughout time and space; and finds ways not only to survive, but also to thrive. This course fulfills the USC Diversity Requirement.
- 307Digital Tools for ArchitectureDigital Tools for ArchitectureBuilding information modeling (BIM) is a digital paradigm shift, in many ways similar to that of the CAD revolution of the 1980s. What is BIM? How is it different from CAD? Why does an architecture student need to know about it? This course provides an introduction to BIM from the viewpoint of the architect (Revit Architecture), engineer (Revit Structure and Revit Mechanical), and contractor (Navisworks, Bluebeam). Depending on time, other software such as Fuzor or Stingray (BIM in a game engine), Fusion (rapid prototyping), FormIt (conceptual modeling), or Dynamo (visual programming) will be explored. Guest lecturers will speak on current digital issues facing the architecture profession. Please feel free to contact the instructor for more information.
- 313Design of Building StructuresDesign of Building StructuresPrerequisite(s): ARCH 213a Integrate theories and knowledge from basic structural analysis and construction materials courses into practical design solutions for contemporary building structures. Develop your capacity to explain and interpret information related to the fundamental principles and structural behavior of modern buildings in withstanding gravity, wind, earthquake, and other environmental forces. Analyze the structural characteristics of common construction materials, i.e., wood, steel, concrete, masonry, and light gauge metal and learn to integrate structural elements into complete structural systems in modern buildings. Objectives: ARCH313 seeks to integrate theories and knowledge acquired from ARCH 213 into practical design solutions for contemporary building structures. Our goal is to help you develop your capacity to classify, compare, summarize, explain and interpret information related to: - Fundamental principles and structural behavior of modern buildings in withstanding gravity, lateral (especially seismic and wind), and other environmental forces - The evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems - Structural characteristics of common construction materials, i.e., wood, steel, concrete, masonry, and light gauge metal - Integration of structural elements into complete structural systems in modern building design - Good professional practice in assembling structural design documents, including calculations, drawings, and specifications - Fundamentals of building costs, such as acquisition, project financing and funding, financial feasibility, operational costs, and construction estimating with an emphasis on life-cycle cost accounting. Understanding of the materials discussed in this class will adequately prepare you to pass the Structural Systems (SS) portion of the NCARB Architect Registration Examination (ARE).
- 314History of Architecture Contemporary IssuesHistory of Architecture Contemporary IssuesPrerequisite(s): ARCH 214b The readings and assignments are designed to encourage critical thinking and analytical skills, in addition to an understanding of the criticisms leveled against the modern movement during the 1960s.
- 315Design for the Luminous and Sonic EnvironmentDesign for the Luminous and Sonic EnvironmentIdeas, problems, and computations related to the design of buildings in response to the luminous and sonic environment.
- 316Place and CulturePlace and CultureThe goal of this seminar is to understand the cultural context of Spain, by examining its architecture, history, political and economic developments. Beginning in Madrid and travelling north, we will visit cities and landscapes and examine the variety of influences that determine their form. In Barcelona we will analyze the city’s major urban and architectural sites, topography, and systems of urban organization. We will examine Barcelona’s architectural practices that challenge and engage European traditional and modernist orthodoxies and its culture committed to design. In Southern Spain, we will examine cities shaped by a coexistence of different influences (Jewish, Christian, Muslim) and others dominated by one. While certain aspects of the built environment are intentional, others are not. How did a theory of urban and architectural design emerge in Spain, and where did it come from? What constitutes a “cultural geography” of place?
- 370Architectural Studies- Expanding the FieldArchitectural Studies- Expanding the FieldArchitecture 370, Introduction to Architectural Studies, provides a thorough overview of the content and value of architectural education. Students will learn about the various modes of architectural education, internship and practice. ARCH 370 introduces the broad range of opportunities, specializations, and related professions that an architectural education can enable. For the four-year degree in Architectural Studies, a resource for professional growth in the Bachelor of Architecture five-year program, and an introduction to the profession of architecture for the non-major. No special background or skills are required that would place non-majors at a disadvantage. With successful completion of this course, students will have been personally exposed to and investigated a variety of professional options within traditional architectural practice, within the development and construction industry and within a variety of associated professional fields. Successful professionals will share first-hand accounts of their unique careers that resulted from their interest in architecture. You will have the opportunity to hear what it takes to get there from here and to ask questions of a wide variety of leading professionals.
- 402aLArchitectural Design IVArchitectural Design IVPrerequisite(s): ARCH 302bL A collection can be a lot of things, in fashion and design, it suggests a family resemblance between a series of objects, either acquired or designed over an extended period of time. A collection has a temporal relationship with space and time, it can reflect a variety of styles, and set predictions for upcoming social and cultural trends. A collection offers unique organizational, generative potentialities, as well as, spatial adaptive qualities. The studio seeks to investigate and re-interpret furniture collections as generative aggregate systems of growth that can define space. How can an “Urban furniture collection” generate a spatial framework that can multiply/grow/morph/change in reaction to future social and cultural occupations?
- 402bLArchitectural Design IVArchitectural Design IVPrerequisite(s): ARCH 402aL Selected areas of specialization; three projects chosen with advisement from a variety of studio offerings that concentrate on different areas of vital concern.
- 406Global Studies Topics in Architecture, Urbanism, History & ArtGlobal Studies Topics in Architecture, Urbanism, History & ArtIn preparation for the spring semester in Italy, this two-unit course introduces students to Italian history, to the history of Italian architecture, and to Italian culture. It includes a section on the history of Northern Europe. It prepares students for living in Italy in the Spring 2013 semester, for learning to interrogate and analyze diverse urban cultures, and for adapting to a different culture and language.
- 407Advanced Computer ApplicationsAdvanced Computer ApplicationsPrerequisite(s): ARCH 207 and ARCH 307, CADD studio or department/faculty approval. Our material world is primarily produced by a method in which design, analysis, representation, fabrication and assembly is a seamless process - with the glaring exception of the building industry. Until recently, the building industry has rejected this methodology and instead relied upon a traditional project delivery method- a method that has increasingly separated the architect from the building process. This separation thus necessitated the production of two-dimensional representations by the architect in order to communicate the design intent to a third party builder. Whether by tradition or necessity, the notational limitations of the plan/section/elevation representation has remained the primary method by which the architect communicates design. But as architects are increasingly exploring more complex forms, it has become crucial to find design and production methodologies to realize these projects in the built environment without incurring the information loss inherent in traditional design representations. Essential to this course is an understanding of how the increased efficiencies of software and emerging fabrication techniques are changing the way built projects can potentially be realized. This is a fundamental shift away from utilizing the computer as a visualization/documenting tool, and moving toward recognizing the computer as a generative tool. This course will utilize CAD/CAM technologies for the design, visualization, and production of components and fixtures. As a point of reference, we will explore product design and related industries as a microcosm of the larger issues facing the production of architectural assemblies. Lectures on these topics are accompanied by software and machine demos, in-class exercises and assignments that introduce both the digital as well as the fabrication environments. Lastly, students are encouraged to explore design communication techniques that move away from hyper-realistic rendering and toward the formation of an individual style.
- 409LDesign FoundationDesign FoundationIntroduction to basic architectural design principles for problem solving scenario. It is a foundation level architectural design course for systematic thinking.
- 410Computer Transformations (Essential Digital Design Techniques)Computer Transformations (Essential Digital Design Techniques)Course Objectives: integrating digital operational strategies into a design method. Commanding the ability to fluidly navigate through a vast array of virtual applications, design media, and digital fabrication technologies, affords incredible potential to develop, test, produce and communicate both spatial ideas and their corresponding physical components with great clarity. This course is designed to provide a fundamental introduction to three-dimensional digital modeling for architectural representation and fabrication using Rhinoceros 3d - a NURBS surface modeling program. We will intensively focus on a specific region within this array: design strategies / techniques used by contemporary architects as a way to organize and test operational strategies used in digital design process through the use of complex NURBS constructs developed, and refined in digital tools introduced in this course
- 411Architectural TechnologyArchitectural TechnologyPrerequisite(s): ARCH 313 Technology is presented not as a post-facto application enabling an architectural idea, but as one of many modes of concurrent thinking an architect must develop. This course promotes understanding the logics and details of construction technologies as they contribute to the production of architecture. Both conventions and experimentations in building assemblies will be studied to link technical considerations to design development. Focus on emerging technologies and concerns, along with proven techniques and means, will encourage awareness of all facets of constructional potentials. Students will learn fundamental detailing principles, and implement those principles in order to test through making. Possibilities and limitations of various constructional systems will be explored, with an eye towards seeing assembly systems as the nexus of various kinds of performance.
- 414Perspectives in History and Theory in Architecture-Housing, Infrastructure, CitizenshipPerspectives in History and Theory in Architecture-Housing, Infrastructure, Citizenship
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 214a, ARCH 214b or ARCH 304 How do architectures and infrastructures both support and limit capacities for political community and economic-political enfranchisement? Modern housing has been understood, on the one hand, as providing the basic foundations of citizenship and cultural integration and, on the other hand, as an instrument of biopolitical management, segregation, and financial exploitation. How does a house function as an instrument of citizenship (and non-citizenship): firstly by mediating between the private sphere and the state, and secondly by its production of interdependencies (i.e., through the house's interpolation within infrastructures of education, communication, transportation, health care, and physical services)?
Special attention will be given to how the design of housing has worked co-operatively with economic redevelopment in urban and rural areas to produce a range of political effects. This course has a global scope but with a special emphasis on U.S. histories of slavery, settler colonialism, industrial labor, immigration, and civil rights. The course will be grounded in philosophical texts that theorize citizenship and non-citizenship.
- 414Perspectives in History and Theory in Architecture- Sacred SpacesPerspectives in History and Theory in Architecture- Sacred SpacesPrerequisite(s): ARCH 214a, ARCH 214b or ARCH 304 Part seminar and part lecture, this class addresses questions concerning spaces defined as sacred. Who defines them, when, why, where: these are the general questions with which the course begins. What does 'sacred' mean in the context of different types of spaces? On what basis do individuals or groups decide that a site is sacred, and on what authority? Many such spaces end up being contested, for a variety of reasons. The subject opens up multiple possibilities, many of which we will examine in detail beginning with a series of lectures followed by discussions of historical examples of sacred spaces. *SPRING 2018: The first meeting of this course will be Monday, January 29. There will be a total of 8 meetings at 2 hours 50 minutes each. The meeting dates may be found on the sample syllabus.
- 414Perspectives in History and Theory of Architecture - Landscape ImaginaryPerspectives in History and Theory of Architecture - Landscape ImaginaryThis seminar offers a cross-cultural introduction to ideas of nature, landscape, and the environment. By focusing on “the landscape imaginary,” this course is primarily interested in excavating the mental constructs and cognitive mappings that have shaped attitudes toward the environment in a variety of cultures at a number of discrete historical moments, from antiquity to the present. The seminar makes use of primary sources (both written and visual) to analyze, compare, and contrast an array of key concepts including arcadia, paradise, forest, mountain, villa, landscape, wilderness, land, system, ecology, wasteland, and matter. Our aim will be to develop a critical understanding of categories that have shaped and continue to shape the ways in which we perceive, understand, react to, picture, and design our surroundings at a variety of scales, from the local to the global (and beyond).
- 414Perspectives in the History and Theory of Architecture - Modern Architecture in TheoryPerspectives in the History and Theory of Architecture - Modern Architecture in Theory
This course examines and interrogates the concept of Modernism by focusing on a select number of key texts. Rather than offering a survey of the Modern Movement, this course looks closely at the writings produced by some of its central figures, including Adolf Loos, Antonio Sant'Elia, Bruno Taut, Walter Gropius, and Le Corbusier, as well as some of its earliest challengers. Themes and topics addressed include definitions of modernism and avant-garde; art, craft, and industry; new materials such as iron, glass, and concrete; the question of ornament; the modern metropolis; and the modern landscape.
- 420Visual Communication and Graphic Expression New Forms and ConceptsVisual Communication and Graphic Expression New Forms and Concepts
An exploratory study of fundamental and innovative visual communication principles and graphic expression techniques to facilitate the design enquiry process for architects.
Prerequisite(s): ARCH 302bL
Registration Restriction: Not open to students with Freshman/Sophomore standing.
In the past two decades, architecture has undergone a paradigm shift that influences the way we think about and approach issues of communication, representation, and production. Clearly, the new breed of computational tools and digital modeling programs offer students and practitioners alike opportunities for experimentation with new graphic forms and visual concepts. In a global networked culture that often places emphasis on “instant communication”—texting, tweeting, email, LED billboards, urban screens, Skype, social media, YouTube, etc., the IMAGE or SOUNDBITE has acquired a newfound significance as the de facto means of communication that’s unparalleled. Explore what bearing this paradigmatic change has on the practice of architecture, both as a medium and as a discipline and how these advances in technology shape our visual culture and impact the relationship between the medium and message.
- 421Digital Architectural PhotographyDigital Architectural PhotographyAll architecture students can prosper by learning to see light and how light alters the visual impact of architectural forms. Just as drawing allows students to refine their vision and perspective teaches how we see, the camera allows for yet another discipline to organically create with architecture and light. This course will teach students to create successful images of exterior architecture, interior architectural design, as well as architectural models. The student will become a highly competent creative digital photographic image creator with accurate exposure, proper color correction, and excellent printing output. They will successfully use specific digital tools for the architectural image (free-transform/HDR) to correct distortion and capture mixed lighting with multiple exposures. Students will be able to utilize light, structures and Adobe Lightroom in new ways. Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course each student will possess the following skills: Comprehensive understanding of architectural lighting. Heightened sensitivity to light and how it strengthens architectural design Ability to use High Dynamic Range (HDR): multiple exposures to create dramatic architecture/interior images without additional professional lighting. Control of Parallax (Free Transform Procedure) to correct distortion and perspective so buildings do not look like they are leaning to one side or falling back. Intermediate ability to photograph architectural models and small products, including a studio set up with studio lighting and possibly strobe lighting. Creation of exceptional images with light and architecture, including dusk imagery. Advanced amateur use of most Single Lens Reflex (SLR) digital camera functions, including: shooting raw, processing in Adobe Bridge and Photoshop CS6, batch processing, organization, color temperature, exposure/histograms, color management (curves/levels). Advanced use and knowledge of Adobe Lightroom 5. Knowledge of how to do a monitor calibration. Advanced eleven color profiled printing.
- 422Architectural Photography- Film and DigitalArchitectural Photography- Film and DigitalExplore another facet of photography through both film and digital media. Whether as a tourist or as a professional, the close observation and documentation of the built environment is a valuable skill. Learn to “see” light and how light alters the visual impact of architectural forms. Become a master of high-resolution images utilizing 35mm film cameras, 35mm Digital SLR cameras and 4x5 large format Sinar architectural film cameras with perspective/parallax control. Master Adobe Lightroom 5 including flawless workflow in the “Library” module and creative image enhancement in the “Develop” module. Photo manipulation using other current software will also be included.
- 423Light, Color and the Character of MaterialLight, Color and the Character of Material
Does not require D-Clearance.
Registration restriction: Not open to students with Freshman/Sophomore standing.
This seminar examines light, color and the character of material as a collection of medium for making worlds. Through linking various arts and design disciplines as a departure and overview for the course subject, Arch 423 exposes students to a spectrum of approaches in theory and application, drawing influences from nature, technology, and the vernacular. Class exercises aim to develop a number of visual concerns across object-oriented analysis to atmospheric and environmental construction. In the course of employing digital and analogue techniques, students will synthesize a repertoire of advanced graphic experiments for weekly progress and learning.
- 424LField Studies in ArchitectureField Studies in ArchitectureAssignments rely principally on field trips and field research, while additional readings, class discussions and research will be utilized to develop a body of information and method of critique. Field research will focus on the first-hand observation, analysis, and documentation of existing buildings and their contexts so that lessons-learned can inform the design methodology applied in studio. Students will be challenged to articulate their analyses with respect to the specific urban, temporal, and cultural contexts. There will be ten assignments for each course: nine specific assignments and one assignment that you may choose the subject of yourself.
- 425LField Studies in UrbanismField Studies in UrbanismThe focus of ARCH 425 is on urban spaces, including parks, plazas, and urban(re)development projects. The field study of these urban spaces also provides an opportunity to understand the complex role of the architect-designer in the design of urban spaces. As a critical component of the urban environment, landscape architecture will be an important aspect of this class. These investigations will employ analytical methods, representational techniques, and speculative inquiry into the fundamental spatial and infra-structural elements of the city. Your research will be documented and communicated through mapping, plans/sections/elevations, diagrams, photo documentation and text.
- 426LField Studies in TectonicsField Studies in TectonicsBuildings embody a series of performative criteria that form the fundamental motives for an architectural task. These functions are critical considerations in building design and are accomplished within the context of technological and economic possibilities. The focus of the course will be on technology in architecture, with an emphasis on structure, materiality, construction, material and assembly, and sustainability. Using annotated photo documentation, notations, and diagrams these criteria will be analyzed to explore how technology affects the form, the assembly of the architectural response, and, ultimately, how technology is integrated into the methodology of accomplishing the greater architectural goals of the building.
- 440mLiterature and the Urban ExperienceLiterature and the Urban ExperienceWhat is Los Angeles? This has been a key question for a city that both exhilarates and confounds. Commonly derided as a landscape without history, Los Angeles is (as all cities are) part of a trajectory where past and future collapse into the present. How can we make sense of a place so defined by tropes and cliches? One way is to examine what these visions say about the city as it exists today. In this class, literature will be the lens through which we come to know Los Angeles. This is an exciting time to be in L.A., given the development of public transportation and pedestrian corridors, as well as L.A.’s sense of itself as a more connected, coherent city - less a loose collection of communities than a true metropolis. This is not a new idea; it goes back to the Los Angeles of 100 years ago. How did L.A., then, lose and regain sight of itself? What is the meaning of its circular evolution? To get at some answers, we will use Writing Los Angeles: A Literary Anthology, a collection of writings from Southern California that spans 100 years. Here, many of the city's signature texts and authors (Joan Didion, Wanda Coleman, Raymond Chandler, Walter Mosley) address the city from differing viewpoints. We will read these texts with a kind of double vision, looking at them both with respect to what they meant in their own time and what they mean now. In addition, we will apply a historiographer's perspective to talk about which texts have survived and which haven’t, and what this means for us vis-à-vis the city’s legibility. The editor of this important anthology, David Ulin (professor at USC’s Dornsife School), will guest-teach several of the classes. We will also read Ulin’s Sidewalking: Coming to Terms with Los Angeles, a companion of sorts to Writing Los Angeles that makes a critical argument about the city L.A. seems primed to become. In the middle ground between the stories and the streets of the city, we will discover something not just about this landscape, but also about its soul. And in the process of looking into its future, we will be joined by a second guest teacher, Greg Goldin. Finally, we will read Nina Revoyr's novel The Age of Dreaming, watch some seminal films that take place in Los Angeles, and feature a number of additional invited lecturers who will widen our conversation to encompass many of the hidden corners, geographical and otherwise, of Los Angeles.
- 442mWomen's Spaces in History "Hussies, Harems & Housewives"Women's Spaces in History "Hussies, Harems & Housewives"How cultures divide and occupy spaces throughout history reflect a diverse range of status differences, differences as apparent in pre-industrial as in postindustrial revolution societies. This course explores spatial differentiation from the perspective of gender. From the intimacy of the home to the larger rural or urban community, patterns of spatial differentiation reinforced unequal status based upon gender and made it more difficult for women to achieve equality. Spatial differentiation in the modern era has extended from the home to educational facilities to the workplace to the city as a whole, and it has marginalized women along with other groups. We will specifically consider the role of gender relations in the formation of the built environment, both the public and the private spheres. We examine spatial differentiation and its practice in ancient, pre-modern, and modern cultures. The focus is upon the expression of that differentiation in the house, workplace, and public sphere, but we also explore the responses of women to the systems of oppression manifested through spatial differentiation. Because this class meets University requirements for diversity courses, it is also concerned with ways in which relations of domination are concealed or suppressed. We employ methodologies from history, anthropology, architecture and sociology to understand the nuances of domination through spatial differentiation. We study the institutional structures that underlie spatial organization, who benefits and who is deprived by specific socio-spatial arrangements, the assumptions of scholars who have studied diverse cultures and their buildings, and how they conceived of gender relations. The films that we view have a two-fold purpose: on the one hand, they help illustrate spatial practices in non-western cultures, in pre-modern times, and in our own culture; on the other, the films enable us to discern how to decode gendered spatial practices in the visual realm.
- 454Contemporary Asian ArchitectureContemporary Asian ArchitectureExploration of various “Asian” architectures, comparisons of areas, identifying current trends and impact of Asia on Southern California and Los Angeles.
- 470AArchitectural Studies Capstone- Preparation and FrameworkArchitectural Studies Capstone- Preparation and FrameworkThis course is the first in a two-part, capstone sequence designed especially for degree candidates in the Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies program. The course is structured to assist students in identifying and investigating a subject consistent with their curricular concentration and relevant to their professional and academic goals. The course will bring students together in a seminar format to achieve three central goals: to provide a thorough introduction to research methodology, to foster proficiency in scholarly writing, and to develop an individual topic of inquiry. The course begins by discussing approaches to scholarly writing and documenting work, citation of information, and the identification of source material specific to each student’s curricular concentration. Then, working sequentially, students will identify a topic of inquiry, organize a literature review, develop a thesis statement, and write an abstract. Students will use the work they generate in this course to establish the basis for a capstone research paper to be executed in ARCH 470b. The 470ab sequence aims to imbue students with a love of, and understanding of, research and how to do it. In this way, the course positions itself as both capstone and threshold. It attempts to culminate a 4-year academic course of study, while simultaneously generating a personal research framework that can be further developed in graduate school and/or help launch a professional career.
- 470BArchitectural Studies Capstone- SeminarArchitectural Studies Capstone- SeminarThis course is the second in a two-part, capstone sequence designed especially for degree candidates in the Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies program. The course will bring students together in a seminar format to develop an individual directed research paper with a critical focus/agenda that represents both a reflection of the BSAS program content and a rigorous investigation of the individual students’ focus and interests , as explored in ARCH 470a. In addition, students will be challenged to critically examine this subject within the broader framework of contemporary architectural discourse and related disciplines. A series of readings will introduce texts as examples of research involving architectural studies within a larger intellectual context. The readings will serve as a platform for both group and individual discussions. In addition, students will have the opportunity to develop significant presentation skills through a series of focused Pecha Kucha-style presentations. Students will meet one-on-one with the instructor for suggestions, guidance and paper edits. Students will also benefit from the counsel and collaboration of structured writing groups. Writing groups will be assembled loosely into themes, based on research topic s. Writing groups provide a constant source of constructive criticism, support, and encouragement for each member. The 470ab sequence aims to imbue students with a love of, and understanding of, research and how to do it. In this way, the course positions itself as both capstone and threshold. It attempts to culminate a 4- year academic course of study, while simultaneously generating a personal research framework that can be further developed in graduate school and/or help launch a professional career.
- 481Furniture DesignFurniture DesignExplore the intersection of architecture, art, and design in this hands-on furniture design course. Four influential early 20th century movements (futurism, neo-plasticism, modernism, and constructivism) explored ideas relating to the changing nature of society, technology, industrialization, new discoveries, and invention. Artists and architects were interested in utilizing the newest materials, construction, and joining methods, as well as innovative finishing techniques. Steel and metalworking were at the forefront of this exploration. This course will look closely at furniture designed by a variety of architects and artists, ranging from Pierre Chareau to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe to Charles and Ray Eames. More contemporary design works and interpretations (Peter Pearce, Morphosis, Richard Meier, and Herman Miller) will also be discussed. Students will design and fabricate metal furniture.
- 499Informed FormInformed FormThis is a design research seminar that will explore the relevance of architectural form as a product of discovery by exploring the reciprocity between form (geometry), force (performance), matter (organization), and craft (fabrication). It investigates and extends the design research legacies of analogue form-finding in the works of Frei Otto, Antonio Gaudi, Heinz Isler, and Felix Candela by exploring digital and analogue techniques for discovering form through variable material and geometric organizations and force simulations, while simultaneously considering the design opportunities being afforded by advances in computation and fabrication technologies. In this elective course, students will research and analyze the history of funicular form and its applications within architecture, explore the application and manipulation of both physical and digital form-finding experiments, performative analysis and simulation, and digital fabrication protocols to explore the potential for materiality and non-standardization processes to augment performance through variable organizations. The goal of the course is to understand performance as a design catalyst for the exploration of form. Students must have proficiency in Rhino 3D and a minimum proficiency with Grasshopper. All other software will be introduced in the course. Students will need to have the following softwares installed: • Rhino 3D • Grasshopper plug-in for Rhino • Kangaroo plug-in for Grasshopper • Karamba plug-in for Grasshopper